effect is made in plain and unequivocal language-If the Legislature had really intended to include in the general grant of “privileges”or “rank and privileges of Judges of CFI” the right to be investigated by SC, andto be suspended removed only upon its recommendation owould be unconstitutional owould violate doctrine of separation of powers, by charging this courtwith the administrative function of supervisory control over executiveofficials, and reducing the control of the President over such officials -United States Supreme Court said in Federal Radio Commission vs. GeneralElectric Co:“…Itcannotgivedecisionswhicharemerelyadvisory; norcan itexerciseorparticipateintheexerciseoffunctionswhichareessentiallylegislative or administrative.” -Jurisprudence provides that SC should not and cannot be required to exerciseanypowerorassumeanydutynotpertainingtoorconnectedwiththeadministration of judicial functions oAnd a law requiring the SC to arbitrate disputes between public utilitieswas declared void inManila Electric Co. vs. Pasay Transportation CoOnpetitioner’scontentionthathis case is different from other executiveofficials under Sec 4 of RA 1151 because he is endowed with judicial functions: -SC:The section states that the decision of the Land Registration Commissioner"shall be conclusive and binding upon all Registers of Deeds" alone, and notupon other parties. oThislimitationidentifiestheresolutionsoftheLandRegistrationCommissionerwiththoseofanyotherbureaudirector,whoseresolutionsorordersbindhissubordinatesalone.ThattheCommissioner's resolutions are appealable does not prove thatthey are not administrative;any bureau director's ruling is likewiseappealable to the corresponding department head. -Assuming arguendo, analysis of the powers and duties of the LRC under RA1151 sec 3 and 4 will show that theresolution are but a minimal portion of hisadministrative/executive functions and merely incidental to it.On STATUTORY CONSTRUCTION -Conforming to the principle of statutory construction that statutes should begiven, whenever possible, a meaning that will not bring them in conflict with theConstitution, We rule that the grant by RA 1151 did not include the right todemand investigation by SC, and to be suspended or removed only upon it’srecommendation for otherwise, that would be violative of the Constitution thusnull and void.
 GARCIA v. MACARAIG Adm. Case No. 198-J | May 31, 1971 | Barredo, J. SUMMARY:RespondentHon.Macaraigwasappointedjudgeofthenewlyestablished CFI of Laguna and San Pablo. He was not able to perform his duties asjudge right away because the court had to be organized from scratch. Instead, heworked on organizing the court and, in his free time, rendered assistance to theSecretary of Justice. Complainant Paz Garcia filed and Administrative complaintagainst Macaraig on the theory that the latter violated the Judiciary Act by notsubmitting monthly reports, and he was further guilty of dishonesty because hecollected his salaries even though he had not performed any of his duties as judge.
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Government, Separation of Powers, Supreme Court of the United States, The Court, Sc