Chinese Politics Reading Notes.docx

The confucian emphasis on loyalty had a strong

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The Confucian emphasis on loyalty had a strong influence on the Samurai or aristocratic class and together with Zen buddhism is helped to create the idea of chivalry 1549 St. Francis Xavier had landed in Japan and the Christian message enjoyed a rapid success Partly because Christianity seemed to come from India Partly feudal lord Kyushu was glad to have foreign support in his struggles for power Missionaries contrasted favourably with the corrupt priesthood of japan Propaganda was first forbidden in 1587 The Jesuits worked cautiously, trying to interest influential families, but when more missionaries (Franciscans) arrived, persecution began. 26 missionaries and converts were crucified English and Dutch trade only aggravated the situation 1640 Christian influence at an end
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Hidden christians descendants discovered by french priests when the country reopened in 1868 Anti-foreign feelings escalate Motoori, eighteenth century, began a movement to purge Shinto of all foreign influences, especially buddhism Declared that Shinto represented the purest and best teaching of mankind and he rejected the religious and ethical teachings which had come to Japan from abroad in Buddhism and Confucianism Shinto was the only true religion, not only of Japan but of mankind, thus the japanese people and their emperor had a divine right to rule the whole world and purge it of all other religions. And if their followers refused to convert they should be destroyed along with it. The myth of the descent of the royal line from the Sun goddess Amaterasu was now brought to the forefront again The imperial ancestors have been worshipped collectively at a private shrine in the Hall of Imperial spirits in the palace at tokyo The work of Moto-ori was continued by Hirata In 1867 the Shogun gave back his power and title and the Emperor Meiji was brought out of his sacred seclusion to become the active ruler of a modern state The Dual Shinto was abolished Shinto was proclaimed the religion of the Japanese state and put under the care of the highest government department All privileges of the Buddhist clergy were abolished and much property confiscated Confucian teachers “rotten literati” New education from America and Europe was hailed as sole means of progress Welcoming western culture Buddhism badly shaken by the attack Returned to favor eventually Too deeply rooted to be abolished Buddhists infiltrated into the governmental ecclesiastical department and in 1877 Buddhism was granted autonomy Withdrew prohibition of Christianity State Shinto was said to be not a religion but a national obligation, with a prior claim over all religious allegiance Christian and buddhist followers were told to attend the state shrines as a sign of reverence to the Imperial ancestors State shinto was taught in all schools The emperor has survived as a constitutional ruler Chief condition of surrender 1946 made a public repudiation of his divine ancestry The state shinto shrines were disestablished, some three hundred of them, by the allied military leaders.
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