Lecture notes Chapter 14-10th edition Doc Rod Mods.docx

Of great concern to the greeks was the survival of

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Of great concern to the Greeks was the survival of the city-state Individual afterlife was only important as it related to the community Personal immortality was achieved through good citizenship Greek philosophers believed life and death changed constantly There were various mystery cults in which one could participate Later, Pythagoras taught that the soul could be united with the “Divine” or “Universal Absolute; his teachings were pre-Christian and may have influenced Christian beliefs Through rituals, one could affect transmigration It appears that Socrates believed that the soul survived after death Christian Beliefs about the Afterlife Humans are created in the image of God God’s messages were revealed through the prophets and his Son, Jesus Death was conquered due to Christ’s resurrection Jesus teachings are recorded in the Bible The life, death and resurrection of Jesus is the model for reality Consequences of individual life were developed as was the possibility of purgatory, which offered an opportunity to purify one’s action, deeds or thoughts Heaven is described in the Bible in analogies and parables Resurrection and immortality were integrated concepts After judgment, one will go to heaven or hell Islamic Beliefs about the Afterlife Shares monotheistic (one God) traditions with Judaism and Christianity God’s qualities were revealed through the prophet Muhammad who received his call in 610 A.D. when he was 40 Muhammad’s teachings are recorded in the Koran Islam means “peace” or “submission”; therefore, A Muslim is one who has submitted him/herself to God and is at peace The Book of Deeds which has the good and bad actions of each Muslim will be opened and read upon death; one either goes to eternal bliss or everlasting torment Angels may visit the grave and question the corpse and based on the answers, the person who died may be comforted or punished Asian Beliefs -Asian traditions embody the “whole” or holistic rather than the individual or parts of community
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-The Book of Changes describes the world experience has constantly changing; life and death experiences are part of this constant change; therefore, reincarnation, is consistent philosophically.
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