regime to establish cooperation amongst Earth-monitoring satellites, and the regime for the International Space Station (explored further below, pp. 13-1 In each of these cases, the negotiation of rules, norms, principles and decision-making procedures allow for the absolute individuation of Westphalian sovereignty to be overcome by providing a method for states to establish governance over areas that do not clearly fit the practical and conceptual Westphalian system. The combination of new technology, territorial uniqueness, inherent transnational ism of the issue area, and complexity due to multiple actors and interests, are all factors that converge to challenge traditional methods of governance based on Westphalian sovereignty. Outer space regimes serve to establish the notion of neutral territoryand also the preservation of sovereignty over objects in outer space, and thus allow for the reshaping of political space(in outer space), with the unbundling of sovereignty that preserves state rule in a unique area.
Aff: a2: Fear linksFear of global catastrophe from space will motivate cooperative exploration and cosmopolitan internationalism—only a sense of our frailty will cause us to move beyond sovereign bordersStuart 9 – Fellow in Global Politics in the Department of Government at the London School of Economics and Political Science (Jill, “Unbundling sovereignty, territory and the state in outer space Two approaches” From Securing Outer Space, Edited by Borrman and Sheean—Chapter 1)On the other hand, future developments could serve to reinforce a cosmopolitan shift. A potential asteroidal collision, a drastic deterioration of the Earth's environment(even more than the present situation), or contact from extraterrestrials could require widespread and immediate cooperation, and further impress on humans our common collective fate. Such issues would require a practical movement towards global solutions (and perhaps greater global governance), which in turn would be based on cosmopolitan principles rooted in humanity, Drastic developments aside, if one takes a far longertimeline in looking into the future, it is reasonable to assume that centuries ahead, outer space will continue to play a role in requiring cooperation on exploration, and thus potentially(though slowly) inspiring a cosmopolitan(and cosmological) ourlook. 1H Prohibitive costs for exploration, as well as the geographical requirement of having globally placed receiver stations, andthe benefits received from sharingscientific informationand data (such as with Earthmonitoring satellites) may continue to make big science projectsin space an area of necessary (and desirable) cooperation, Globalization may also be reinforced by future technologies that continue to "shrink" the world, While the degree to which globalization is a positive thing is obviously subject to debate, from a cosmopolitan perspective it is reasonable to suggest that the phenomenon of a perceived "shrinking" planet may lead to a stronger sense ofshared community or world society