Should openings occur between elections on the

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should openings occur between elections. On the recommendation of the Pardons and Paroles Division of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, the governor may grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons. The constitution requires the governor to submit budget proposals to the legislature, but the Legislative Budget Board (LBB) prepares a budget as well, and its ideas generally carry more weight. The governor enjoys the line-item veto for appropriations bills.
Furthermore, the governor participates in budget execution. The governor has authority in the areas of law enforcement, ceremonial leadership, and party leadership. The governor has some peripheral law enforcement authority and is the ceremonial leader of the state. The governor is also the unofficial leader of his or her political party in the state. The governor of Texas is probably weakest in the area of administration. Because of the existence of the plural executive system where several other elected officials in the executive branch are elected directly by the people of the state and exercise constitutional/legal powers of their own, the governor lacks clear authority to lead that branch. In practice, the governor has few direct controls over the administration of state programs. Measuring Gubernatorial Powers: The constitutional/legal powers of the governor of Texas are among the weakest of any governor in the nation. The informal powers play an important to a governor’s authority. The Executive Bureaucracy Elected Executive Officials: In addition to the governor, voters elect five other state executives: the lieutenant governor, attorney general, comptroller of public accounts, commissioner of agriculture, and commissioner of the General Land Office. The foremost responsibilities of the office of lieutenant governor lie in the state Senate, where the lieutenant governor presides, votes in case of a tie, appoints members of standing and conference committees, helps determine the order of business on the floor, and enforces Senate rules. The attorney general is the state’s lawyer, representing state government and its various components in court, and giving legal advice to state and local officials and agencies in the form of opinions. The comptroller is the state’s chief accounting officer and tax administrator. The commissioner of agriculture administers all laws relating to agriculture, and enforces the state’s weights and measures law. The land commissioner is responsible for managing state land, leasing it for mineral exploration and production, and for agricultural purposes. Appointed Executives: One measure of a governor’s power over administration is the number of officials he or she can appoint. In Texas, the most important executive officials are elected, leaving only a handful of executive positions to be filled by the governor, subject, of course, to two-thirds Senate confirmation. The most important of these is the secretary of state, who serves as Texas’s chief election officer,

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