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- explot labor - 3 classes of owners of production: bourgeoisie, small employers, petty bourgeoisi, co’s of large corpoeratons -3 classes of managers: expert managers, semi-credentialed managers, and uncredentialled managersonot in possession of factories, but privileged 3 classes of supervisors: expert supervisors, semi-credentialed supervisors, and uncredentialled supervisors3 classes of workers: expert non-mangers, semi-credentialed workers, and the proletarians – sell their labor highly ksilled – engineers, to low skilled for both marx and weber, always contradiction/ tensions amongst all those classes-they have profoundly diff interest 2.PartiesWeber and others focused more on stratification based on power than economic resourcesWeber: beyond class, we should look at groups of ppl that have unequal access to power – important difference with marx Weber provided more detil how ppl stratified based on uequal access to power
To what extent can they realize their will Power: Defined by Weber as the ability of an actor to realize its will in a social relation when that will is resisted by othersParties: Weber referred to this type of stratification as “parties,” although he meant something much more than political partiesOrganizations that are capable of pursuing their interests and imposing them on othersC. Wright Mills’ The Power EliteDiff elite groups in our soc that have lots of controlon allsorts of dimensions of our life-Social, cultural -Looked at US in50’s differencted be 3 dif groups Sees organizations as the means of power in ‘modern’ societySocieties are stratified based on who controls large organizations and who is dominated by themAnalyzed the US in the 1950s, saw three types of eliteMilitary: controlled enormous and powerful organizationsPolitical: controlled the stateEconomic: controlled powerful firmsFunctioalsts would call this great -= hiercha sys everything predetirmed actingas it should Conflict; a sign of major inequality Interconnected – within tensions, had 1 common agenda Interlocking Directorate: Believed that the elites had similar interests and worked togetherInterested in power and money 3. Status GroupStatus Group: Stratification based on prestige, culture, lifestyleCertain positions within society have higher statusHigh status = high economic Willhave mnsion Examples: aristocracy, caste groups (Brahmin, Dalit)Lord’s etc creates inequalities. Class, party, and status frequently coincide—high class positions have high status and lots of powerReinforce one another to promote stratificationOther Types of StratificationOverlooked imp factors in stratif, what drives ineqFounding Figures of Sociology: White menCommonly criticized for overlooking ethnic and gender inequalitiesBoth central to the study of stratification todayRacial/Ethnic Stratification: Ignored by foundersWeber saw as similar to status-based stratification