Venus sculptures samarra culture 6000 5400 bc land

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Venus sculptures Samarra Culture (6000-5400 BC) Land that requires irrigation Defensive ditch, wall, defended gateway No evidence of warfare, yet still trying to keep others out Central open space Ubaid Culture (5500-3700 BC) Lots of rivers, but no rain agriculture, potential for huge crop growth No permanent leaders Temples o Temple at Eridu, 4500 BC o 13 temples on top of each other o Maintain the sample temple pattern Lays groundwork for future Mesopotamian state society Old World Agricultural Areas Indus and Baluchistan Village Period (7000-5000 BC) o Highlands occupied by farmers since 7000 BC o No move down onto river plain until 3500 BC
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o Domesticated wheat, sheep, goats Imported “package” from further west (cotton) o Key site: Mehrgarh (6500-4500 BC) Located on Kachi Plain, Pakistan Initially seasonal occupation by hunter gatherers Domestication and agriculture by 5500 BC Pottery invented by 5000 BC Multi room dwelling Earliest cotton clothing in the world Typically houses are squared, thatched roof, no central
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