For example what happens if someone doesnt comply

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For example, what happens if someone doesn't comply with computer security policies? NOTE An employee can unintentionally violate a policy. For example, an employee may lack knowledge or training. This can result in noncompliance. The program-level policy is a high-level document. It usually does not include penalties and disciplinary actions for specific infractions. However, this policy may authorize the creation of other policies or standards that describe violations and penalties. One common strategy for handling this issue is to have the information security policy refer to disciplinary procedures found elsewhere, such as in a human resources policy that broadly covers disciplinary actions. Industry-Standard Policy Frameworks Policy frameworks provide industry-standard references for governing information security in an organization. They allow you to leverage the work 2/22/2011 proquest.safaribooksonline.com/print?x… proquest.safaribooksonline.com/print?x… 3/17
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of others to help jump-start your security program efforts. The following areas determine where framework policies are helpful: Areas where there is an advantage to the organization in having the issue addressed in a common manner, such as shared IT resources Areas that affect the entire organization, such as personnel security Areas for which organization-wide oversight is necessary, such as compliance Areas that, through organization-wide implementation, can result in significant economies of scale, such as unified desktop computer management No two organizations are alike. For-profit companies may have different goals and concerns than nonprofit organizations or government agencies. Different needs require different solutions. Therefore, security professionals have a wide variety of policy frameworks to work with. It's up to each organization to determine the best policy framework that meets the needs of the organization and the threats they face. Three frameworks stand out because of their scope and wide acceptance within the security community: Control Objectives for Information and related Technology (COBIT) —A widely accepted set of documents that is commonly used as the basis for an information security program. COBIT is an initiative from the Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA) and is preferred among IT auditors. COBIT was addressed in Chapter 3 . ISO/IEC 27000 series —An internationally adopted standard for any information security management program in virtually any organization National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publications, such as (SP) 800-53, "Recommended Security Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations" Geared to U.S. government agencies and their subcontractors Many of the regulatory bodies use these standards to develop security guidance and auditing practices. By relying on those who have paved the way for you, you can help to assure compliance with regulations that affect your organization without reworking all of your compliance processes. The
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  • Fall '11
  • MilesJohnson
  • RFID, USB flash drive, Radio-frequency identification, u.s. copyright laws, prior written permission

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