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Destruction of Baghdad 1258Destruction of Baghdad 12581258, Mongols conquer Baghad.The invasion, siege, and sacking of the city of Baghdad by the Ilkhanate Mongol forcesalong with other allied troops under HulaguKhan. The House of Wisdom was destroyed by the Ilkanate forces.Spread of Mongol EmpireSpread of the Mongol Empirefrom East Asia to N. India, Middle East andparts of Eastern Europe. Western Mongol conquerors convert to IslamTrade Routes Expand – Importance of Indian Ocean center of trade in the middle agesMaritime Trade between Africa, the Middle East and Asia grows after Mongol Conquest Grows during the 1300 & 1400s. Creation of own markets and the regulations of them. Free from government influence so there was much more room for growth. Travel was made easier and faster by sea. Everything became more easily accessible.Importance of Africa in Medieval Trade Routes Swahili Coast Cities, Great Zimbabwe (source of gold/other natural resources), Timbuktu (Mali), became wealthy in the Middle Ages, build ships, good tradingThe Great Chain of Being – HierarchyThe Great Chain of Being-HierarchyEmperors said that the power of ruler came from heaven. Grows around trade routes in Indian Ocean and South East Asia (the Middle Class)It was a type of tributary system (feudal system) where people at the bottom pay tribute to the people at the top. Goes from king, nobility, warrior, middle class, and peasant/serfs. The Divine had full control and it applied to everything Ruler’s
position is determined by the divine/heavenFeudal/Tributary SystemFeudal/Tributary SystemClass based hierarchy that's structured for the purpose of cultivating, a mode of production, and agriculture.Lords and Peasants RelationshipsLords and Peasants RelationshipsMajority of this system consisted of peasants/serfs. On top of this system was God!Growth of ProtocapitalismProtocapitalismwas defined when agriculture transformed into trade. This was dominant near the Indian Ocean. Middle class began to grow during protocapitalism. Trade Routes Expand Importance of Indian OceanLate Middle Ages Rapid growth of Maritime TradeGrowing middle classes Rise of ProtocapitalismColombus 1492 Colombus lands in the Caribeean Islands and thinks he is somewhere in Asia. Roman Emperor ConstantineRoman Emperor ConstantineConstantine becomes emperor of the Roman Empire in 313 AD, (Edict ofMilan 313 AD) He makes Christianity into the state religion ofRome and the empire. The barbarians that took control of Rome later converted to Christianity. But they worshipped Gods like Thor. ConstantinopleConstantinopleConstantine builds a second Roman Capital at the city of Byzantine and
renames that city after himself and called it Constantinople, which was the 2ndRoman capital. The capital that Constantine built for the eastern Roman Empire, which continued on for another 1000 years.