1 Bursectomy 2 Osteochondroma 3 Osteomalacia 4 Periostitis 5 Tendonitis 6 Spondylosis Answer #3: PART A: "The Major Structures of the Bones & their Sub-Catagories" 1. Tissues of Bones: dense and rigid tissue thats capable of growing, healing and reshaping itself • Periosteum : tough &fibrous outermost covering of the bone • Compact bone: dense, hard & strong forms protective outer layer of the bone • Spongy bone: red bone marrow is inside of these bones, found at the ends & inner portions of long bones, lighter and not as strong as compact bone • Medullary Cavity : found in the shafts of long bones and surrounded by compact bone • Endosteum: tissue that lines medullary cavity 2. Bone Marrow: Located within the bones • Red bone marrow: hemopoietic tissues that creates red blood cells, hemoglobin, white blood cells, and thrombocytes 8
HIT111 DISCUSSION QUESTIONS • Yellow bone marrow: composed of fat cells and functions as fat storage 3. Cartilage: smooth & rubbery bluish/white connective tissue that functions as a “shock absorber” between bones & also makes up the more flexible parts of skeleton • Articular cartilage: covers the surfaces of bones where they meet to form joints, ensures smooth joint movement, & protects bones from rubbing against one another • Meniscus: curved fibrous connective tissue (cartilage) found in some joints 4. Anatomic landmarks of bones: Names/sayings that refer to parts of the bones • Diaphysis: the shaft of a long bone • Epiphysis: is the wide end of the bone that is covered in cartilage • Proximal Epiphysis: the end of the bone that’s closest to the body’s midline • Distal Epiphysis: the end of the bone that’s farthest from the body’s midline • Foramen: the opening in a bone where blood vessels, nerves, & ligaments pass through • Process: The normal projection/showing of a bone on the surface that functions as an attachment point for muscles and tendons PART B: "Define each Term into it's Common Word Parts, Write the Word Parts in Sequence” Burs/ectomy ( burs/ =bursa; - ectomy =surgical removal) The surgical removal of the bursa Oseto/chondr/oma ( Oste/o =bone; chondr =cartilage; -oma =tumor) A benign tumor of the bone that’s covered with cartilage Osteo/malcia ( Oste/o =bone; -malacia =abnormal softening) The abnormal softening of a bone or bones Peri/ost/itis ( Peri - =surrounding; ost =bone; itis =inflammation) An inflammation of the periosteum Tendon/itis ( Tendon =tendon; itis =inflammation) An inflammation of the joints/tendons or connective tissues Spondyl/osis ( Spondly =vertebrae; osis =condition/disease) A condition of the vertebrae that results in loss of typical spinal structure. Source: Ehrlich, A. & Schroeder C. (2009). Medical Terminology for Health Professions. 60-61. Clifton Park: Delmar Cengage Learning.
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