Before you read anxiety disorders conduct disorders

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Before You Read Anxiety Disorders Conduct Disorders Mental Disorders Personal Disorders Mood Disorders Eating Disorders As You Read HS_HEALTH_U03_C9_CO 12/6/03 9:05 AM Page 223
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VOCABULARY mental disorder anxiety disorder post-traumatic stress disorder mood disorder conduct disorder Mental Disorders YOU’LL LEARN TO Distinguish types of mental disorders. Identify situations requiring professional mental health services. Identify and describe the types of mental disorders that affect our society. lmost everyone experiences periods of sadness, anxiety, and A anger. For most people, these feelings are short-lived. For mil- lions of others, however, these feelings persist for weeks, months, and even years. If such situations affect a person’s behavior or daily activities, he or she may be suffering from a mental disorder that requires professional health services. What Are Mental Disorders? A is an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life. People who suffer from some form of mental disorder are often identified by their inability to cope in healthy ways with life’s changes, demands, problems, or traumas. Each year, about 20 percent of the U.S. pop- ulation—54 million people—are affected by some form of mental disorder. Even though professional help is necessary, few people with mental disorders actually seek treatment. Of the 20 percent of children and adolescents who suffer from mental health problems, only one-third receive the help they need. mental disorder On a sheet of paper, write as many words as you can think of that you associate with the term mental disorder . Categorize the words as positive or negative. What might this indicate about attitudes regarding mental disorders? 224 Chapter 9 Mental and Emotional Problems Information about mental disorders is available in most health clinics. Where else could you find reliable information on a mental disorder?
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Some people are reluctant to seek treatment for mental/emotional problems because they feel embarrassed or ashamed. Another reason is the stigma associated with mental disorders. A stigma is a negative label or a mark of shame. Misconceptions and stereotypes may pre- vent some people from seeing mental disorders as medical condi- tions. However, mental disorders require medical attention just as physical illnesses do. In fact, many mental and emotional distur- bances involve imbalances in brain chemistry. The sooner a person seeks treatment, the sooner he or she will be on the road to recovery. Types of Mental Disorders ental disorders are classified as either organic or functional. M An organic disorder is caused by a physical illness or an injury that affects the brain. Brain tumors, infections, chemical imbal- ances, exposure to drugs and toxins, or injuries resulting in brain damage may lead to organic mental disorders.
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