46 There was the election for city council members and representatives for the districts and regions ( Kommunestyrevalg og valg til bydelsutvalg) in September 2015. The interview with this informant was done in October, 2015.
85 6.2 Time 6.2.1 Irreversible time and the environment Environmental destruction, such as the climate change and deforestation, is recognized as irreversible because it takes thousands years to recover the environment, if not forever. This is why it is important to take precautionary approach to reduce environmental damage. The Norwegian government names 5 main principles of the Norwegian waste policies (The Norwegian Environmental Protection Agency, 2013; see p.52-53 in this thesis). Among these principles, the precautionary principle is suggested first with the definition that “where there is scientific uncertainty regarding serious or irreversible risks against health or the environment, uncertainty should not be used as a reason to postpone or omit to the implementation of precautionary measures,” ( ibid:12). In the same document, the precautionary principle and the cradle-to-grave principle are regarded as keys to finding workable solutions. The precautionary principle is well-reflected in waste treatment policies and regulations for hazardous waste, in order to minimize damage to the environment and to people. Hazardous waste should be treated in a safe and sound manner in Norway, according to the Pollution Control Act and the Waste Regulation. This requirement applies equally to all actors, households and businesses alike, since it is very difficult to predict with certainty what will occur from inappropriately treating hazardous waste, and how severe the damage will be. Several informants express the same concerns as follows: “Hazardous waste is one of the most important topics considering waste, because I do not think that we know the consequences arising from it. This mak es them ‘dangerous.’ We do not know what harm it generates. And there are still new products coming. We do not know how the new products interfere with other products and the environment.” – Informant 14, Waste Norway With the policies and facilities to handle hazardous waste safely, further degradation of the environment could be minimized. Not doing so would require lots of time and financial resources to recover the environment.
86 The role of the Pollution Control Authority is based on the same logic. All facilities, plants, and places that collect, sort, and treat waste must have permits from the Authority to ensure waste handling processes are done correctly. The authority may impose special conditions to a facility if necessary, to prevent severe pollution, as per the Pollution Control Act. The proper treatment of hazardous waste is a step toward slowing down the speed of environmental degradations in the world, caused by natural material exploitations. Also, Recycling can impede irreversible environmental destruction by offering an alternative way to use materials. Informant 12 from Elretur depicts the recycling of WEEE as
- Fall '19
- Passing, Waste, solid waste management