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Transformed European power structure Made France dominant power on continent, decentralized GermanyPicked because it was a war in the past - we know what happened but no one seeing the play had experienced the war, so no preconceived notionsoHow do authoritariangovernments remember war?A good vs bad perspective; strategy more than sufferingWar has a unified purpose: heroism, courage, sacrifice, honorActions, Conflicts and Central CharactersoMother Courage: runs a business of selling to soldiers on war linesoEilifSon of mother courageJoins the army and is lionized for violent acts Shot by army he served for doing same act in time of peaceoSwiss CheeseSon of mother courageand died by being shotBecomes a paymaster, honest to a fault, shotoKattrinSwedish soldier put something in her mouth, so she is now mute – doesn’t speak and is “dumb”Mother courage keeps Kattrin's femininity as hidden as possible for safetyShot by soldiers for warning an own about to be attacks by beating a drum on a rooftopKattrin curious about Yvette's "tools of the trade" (hat and shoes)oYvette“Fraternized” with invader, grew up in village, falls in love with soldierShamed by home community - she is not allowed to participate anymoreNow a prostitute in order to surviveoChaplain: initially appears as a cynical, wooden character. He remains loyal to the Swedish monarchy andthe campaign as a war of religion though cannot but notice the horrors around him, for example, his reaction to Eilif's raidOne of two boyfriends of mother courage - sexual partner more soReligious man (priest or minister) - expect him to be ethical and religious but in this play is looserand try’s to survive like everyone elseChanges religion in certain times or hides it in order to survive - not typically seen from high person of religionoCook: the Chaplain's rival for Courage's affections and bread, the Cook is an aging Don Juan, a bachelor long past his days as the dashing Peter Piper who seduced girls like Yvette.One of two boyfriends/sexual partner of mother courageOne that invites courage to start hotel with him that given from family but she says no because would have to leave KattrinoThemes/ideashow war can shape the choice peoples makemasculinity vs femininity Kattrin hides that she is a girl and mother courage as well while Yvette makes it apparentWomen and war - the domestic and the military intertwinedClothesline hands between Mother Courage's wagon and the regimental flagpoleLaundry drying on the cannon - objects being used for different purposesLanguage, Sounds, RhythmsoUse of song – Birdsongo“The Song of the Great Capitulation” - tells of a proud man who joined the army and quickly came to
submit to its discipline and ultimate capitulation; capitulate means to give in