Article Street Level Bureaucracy The Critical Role of Street Level Bureaucrats

Article street level bureaucracy the critical role of

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innovation, and efficiency. Article: "Street-Level Bureaucracy: The Critical Role of Street-Level Bureaucrats" (pp. 401-408) Source: Businessweek
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Author: Michael Lipsky Date of Article: May 25, 1980 Link to Article: (place link here) Article Summary “Street-Level Bureaucracy: The Critical Role of Street-Level Bureaucrats” examines the role of front-line public employees in the bureaucracy. Street-level bureaucrats are those individuals who interact directly with citizens. There are many street-level bureaucrats in public service agencies such as welfare offices. In fact, it seems that the poorer people are, the more street-level bureaucrats affect them. Since street-level bureaucrats have such a great deal of interaction with the public, they are often the focus of public controversy. Their decisions appear to be very personal, as they are directed toward people and their attitudes are obvious. Because of this personalization of bureaucracy, street-level bureaucrats also provide hope for citizens to receive fair and effective treatment, as citizens believe they can reason with these individuals, even if the rest of the bureaucracy is out of reach. In reality, street-level
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bureaucrats are limited to how responsive they may be.
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  • Government, The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past, Michael Lipsky, Street-Level Bureaucracy, 1980 Link

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