preponderant rank effects on activities again suggests that contest competition alone did not underlie the organization of the group. In conclusion, we suggest that provisioning enables the assessment of the relative importance of modes of contest for social dynamics, and that the relative importance of each form of competition will vary as a function of changing internal group dynamics and variability in the nature and distribution of foods, whether natural or provisioned. Teasing apart the combination of social and ecological opportunities for and constraints on modes of competition contributes to an understanding of how competition influences relationships 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
within social groups of primates, and may contribute to refinement of socio-ecological models. 1 2
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