Secondary data information relating to coast water

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Secondary Data: Information relating to Coast Water Services Board in annual and published financial statements in national newspapers, during annual general meetings messages and in-house magazines was used to provide secondary data information on relevant project implementation indicators. Other important business disclosure in journals, manuals and the Coast Water Service Board documents was used for secondary data collection. The secondary data collected was used to cross validate the primary data collected. Data Collection Procedure: The data collection instrument in this study was a questionnaire. The research instrument was conveyed to the respondents through the drop and pick technique. The researcher approached each Coast Water Services Board stakeholder, introduced himself to the relevant respondents by explaining to them the nature and purpose of the study and then left the questionnaires with the respondents for completion and picked later within two weeks. Before the questionnaire was given out, the researcher first sought for authorization from Coast Water Services management to collect data. A covering letter explaining the objectives of the study and assuring the respondents’ confidentiality and asking them to participate in the study accompanied the questionnaire. Pilot Testing: Activities before the fieldwork process consisted of instrument design and development. Questionnaire administration involved pre-contact with the respondents. In order to ensure content validity, the preliminary questionnaire was pre- tested on a pilot set of respondent for comprehension, logic and relevance. Respondents in the pretest was drawn from all the three segments and 14 respondents were chosen, that is, 10% of the sample size as per recommendations by Mugenda and Mugenda (2003) who observe that a successful pilot study used 1% to 10% of the actual sample size and this was similar to those in the actual survey in terms of background characteristics. Basing on Mugenda and Mugenda (2003) recommendations, the researcher set 14 pilot questionnaires representing 10% of the sample size and which was within the range of 1%-10% and gave to the various respondents in Coast Water Services. The pre-tested respondents were not part of the study population since this would have brought about assessment biases and contamination of the respondents (Mugenda & Mugenda, 2003). Reliability of the Instrument: Sekaran (2009) asserts that the reliability of the study measures could be assessed by computing Cronbach’s alpha coefficients, which could be used to assess the internal consistency among the research instrument items. Sekaran (2003) notes that reliability of a measure is an indication of the stability and consistency with which the instrument measures the concept and helps to assess the goodness of the measure. C ronbach’s alpha was used as a measure of internal consistency. Cronbach’s alpha is a reliability coefficient that indicates how well items in a set are positively correlated to one another .
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