Assembly was made up of the athenian citizens who

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“assembly” was made up of the Athenian citizens who voted on all issues, usually made up of thousands of people. “The council of 500” prepared agendas for the assembly. Most positions were decided by random “lot” eliminating a number of the corruption in electing office. Problems with direct democracy A) The reality of Athenian democracy was that it was not democratic for anyone other than male citizens B) Ancient Greek theorists were hostile towards direct democracy: Mistrust of power in the hands of common people without expertise (mob rule) Raises the question of rhetoric vs logic, emotion vs rationality There are few elements of direct democracy in the modern Canadian context: Referendum (Government asks direct question to citizens) , Voter initiative (Petitions, 10% of voting population in BC) , Recall (Impeachment) Indirect Democracy U.S is the primary example of indirect democracy (James Madison hated direct democracy)] The federalist papers: Factions (small and large) are a potential danger to the polity. What direct democracy represents is a threat to diversity
An ideal polity will be structured in such a way that political power of all types (including that of the majority) is limited The solution? Representative Government Divide power into different institutions that are capable of checking one another The is tension in power between American powers (legislature, House of Representatives, Senate VS President VS Judiciary) All must remain in check with each other and there are layers of interaction between them The point: Indirect democracy is much less democratic than it could be. Some argue that restrictions on popular power institutionalize the status quo and prevent genuine change, and place actual power into the hands of a small group of people LECTURE 3: MONDAY SEPTEMBER 19 TH Where has democracy been and where is it going?

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