THE OSTIUM IS SURROUNDED BY THE FIMBRIA CILIATED MUCUS D INFUNDIBULUM CONNECTS

The ostium is surrounded by the fimbria ciliated

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THE OSTIUM IS SURROUNDED BY THE FIMBRIA (CILIATED MUCUS) D. INFUNDIBULUM CONNECTS TO THE AMPULLA E. AMPULLA NARROWS TO BECOME THE ISTHMUS F. ISTHMUS BECOMES THE UTERINE PART AND PASSES THROUGH THE UTERUS 4. THE UTERINE TUBE CONSISTS OF THE FOLLOWING: A. OUTER SEROUS LAYER B. MUSCULAR LAYER C. INNER MUCOSAL LAYER WITH CILIA 5. MOVEMENT OF THE OOCYTES: A. CILIA MOVE THE OOCYTE OVER THE FIMBRIAE SURFACE TO THE INFUNDIBULUM B. PERISTALTIC MUSCLE CONTRACTION AND CILIA MOVE OOCYTE C. FERTILIZATION OCCURS IN THE AMPULLA (USUALLY) D. ZYGOTE REMAINS HERE SEVERAL DAYS
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77 1. UTERUS CONSISTS OF THE FOLLOWING: A. BODY B. ISTHMUS C. CERVIX D. UTERINE TUBE ( FALLOPIAN TUBE ) 2. UTERUS IS HELD IN POSITION BY THE FOLLOWING: A. BROAD LIGAMENT B. ROUND LIGAMENT C. UTEROSACRAL LIGAMENT 3. THE WALL IS DIVIDED AS FOLLOWS: A. PERIMETRIUM (SEROUS LAYER) B. MYOMETRIUM (SMOOTH MUSCLE) C. ENDOMETRIUM (MUCOUS MEMBRANE) VAGINA: 1. VAGINA CONNECTS THE UTERUS (CERVIX) TO THE VESTIBULE 2. VAGINA CONSISTS A LAYER OF SMOOTH MUSCLE AND INNER LINING OF STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS 3. VAGINA IS FOLDED INTO RUGAE 4. HYMEN COVERS THE VESTIBULAR OPENING EXTERNAL GENITALIA (REVIEW TEXT AND LAB BOOK) FEMALE CYCLE: 1. PUBERTY BEGINS WITH THE FIRST MENSTRUAL BLEEDING (MENARCHE) 2. PUBERTY ALSO BEGINS WITH INCREASED LEVELS OF GnRH OVARIAN CYCLE: 1. FSH INITIATES THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY FOLLICLES
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78 2. THE FOLLICLES SECRETE A SUBSTANCE THAT PREVENTS OTHER FOLLICLES FROM DEVELOPING 3. LH STIMULATES OVULATION AND COMPLETION OF THE FIRST MEIOTIC DIVISION BY THE PRIMARY OOCYTE A. LH SURGE AND FSH SURGE B. THE LH SURGE IS SEVERAL HOURS BEFORE THE FSH SURGE C. FSH STIMULATES LH RECEPTORS 4. THE LH SURGE STIMULATES THE FORMATION OF THE CORPUS LUTEUM 5. IF FERTILIZATION OCCURS, HCG IS PRODUCED 6. HCG STIMULATES THE CORPUS LUTEUM TO PERSIST 7. IF FERTILIZATION DOES NOT OCCUR, THE CORPUS LUTEUM BECOMES THE CORPUS ALBICANS FEEDBACK ACTION: 1. A POSITIVE FEEDBACK SYSTEM ALLOWS FSH AND LH LEVELS TO INCREASE BEFORE OVULATION 2. ESTROGEN PRODUCED BY THE THECA CELLS STIMULATE PRODUCTION OF GnRH BY THE ADENOHYPOPHYSIS 3. GnRH STIMULATES SECRETION OF LH AND FSH 4. LH AND FSH STIMULATE SECRETION OF MORE ESTROGEN AND SO ON 5. INHIBITION OF GnRH LEVELS CAUSED FSH AND LH TO DECREASE AFTER OVULATION 6. INHIBITION IS CAUSED BY HIGH LEVELS OF ESTROGEN AND PROGESTERONE PRODUCED BY THE CORPUS LUTEUM
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79 UTERINE CYCLE: 1. MENSES: A. MENSES DAY 0 TO 4 OR 5 DAYS B. SPIRAL ARTERIES CONSTRICT C. THIS RESULTS IN ISCHEMIA D. ENDOMETRIAL CELLS DIE AND ARE SLOUGHED OFF 2. PROLIFERATION PHASE: A. DAY 5 TO 14 B. EPITHELIAL CELLS MULTIPLY AND FORM GLANDS C. SPIRAL ARTERIES SUPPLY THE GLANDS 3. SECRETORY PHASE: A. DAY 15 TO 28 B. ENDOMETRIUM BECOMES THICKER C. ENDOMETRIAL GLANDS SECRETE 4. ESTROGEN STIMULATES PROLIFERATION OF THE ENDOMETRIUM AND SYNTHESIS OF PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS 5. INCREASED PROGESTERONE LEVELS CAUSE HYPOTROPHY OF THE ENDOMETRIUM, STIMULATE SECRETIONS, AND PREVENT CONTRACTIONS 6. DECREASED PROGESTERONE LEVELS CAUSE SPIRAL ARTERIES TO CONSTRICT
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80 MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM I. GENERAL INTRODUCTION A. TESTIS B. PENIS C.
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