The Treaty of Versailles The final of a series of treaties it was signed on

The treaty of versailles the final of a series of

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The Treaty of VersaillesThe final of a series of treaties, it was signed on June 28, 1919. The War Guilt Clause stated that Germany would have to pay reparations. Germany also had to reduce its army, navy, and get rid of their Air Force. Germany also lost territories such as the Alsace, Lorraine, and sections ofPrussia. The Germans were left with a bitter taste in their mouths. ReparationsGermany would have to pay for all the damages it caused to the allied countries, and their people. The reparations had been promised by Allied leaders to their people.MandatesAfter the war France took over Lebanon and Syrian, and the British got Iraq and Palestine. These territorial gains were called mandates. It was obvious that the idea of “self-determination” was only being applied to European countries.The Terms of the Treaty of VersaillesThe treaty can be divided into a number of sections; territorial, military, financial and general.
TerritorialThe following land was taken away from Germany:Alsace-Lorraine (given to France)Eupen and Malmedy (given to Belgium)Northern Schleswig (given to Denmark)Hultschin (given to Czechoslovakia)West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia (given to Poland)The Saar, Danzig and Memel were put under the control of the League of Nations and the people of these regions would be allowed to vote to stay in Germany or not in a future referendum.The League of Nations also took control of Germany's overseas colonies.Germany had to return to Russia land taken in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Some of this land was made into new states : Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia. An enlarged Poland also received some of this land.MilitaryGermany’s army was reduced to 100,000 men; the army was not allowed tanksShe was not allowed an airforce She was allowed only 6 capital naval ships and no submarines The west of the Rhineland and 50 kms east of the River Rhine was made into a demilitarised zone (DMZ). No German soldier or weapon was allowed into this zone. The Allies were to keep an army of occupation on the west bank of the Rhine for 15 years. FinancialThe loss of vital industrial territory would be a severe blow to any attempts by Germany to rebuild her economy. Coal from the Saar and Upper Silesia in particular was a vital economic loss. Combined with the
financial penalties linked to reparations, it seemed clear to Germany that the Allies wanted nothing else but to bankrupt her.Germany was also forbidden to unite with Austria to form one superstate, in an attempt to keep her economic potential to a minimum. GeneralThere are three vital clauses here:1. Germany had to admit full responsibility for starting the war. This was Clause 231 - the infamous "War Guilt Clause". 2. Germany, as she was responsible for starting the war as stated in clause 231, was, therefore responsible for all the war damage caused by the First World War. Therefore, she had to pay reparations, the bulk of which would go to France and Belgium to pay for the damage done to the infrastructure of both countries by the war. Quite literally, reparations would be used to pay for the damage to be repaired. Payment

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