neighborhoods”(207). His research also explains how crimes and welfare are connected to the structural removal of work from the inner city. Thus, the economic forces did destroy the Black inner city. In addition, the changes in the U.S. economy have hit Latinos hard because of their low educational achievement and their labor market position. Accordingly, the economic transformation has contributed to the persistent poverty in the U.S. urban centers. In addition, the growing number of immigrant create new tensions in the society due to the nation’s economic crisis. Therefore, anti-immigration movements increased during the last two decades. For example, Arizona abolished ethnic studies programs in the entire state. There are also some tensions for minority groups because of the high birth rates among minorities. Also, as the authors point out that “the election of the first African American president has thrust some incidents of racial conflict onto the center stage”(204). As result, the past three decades have witnessed various cases of race-related police brutality and misconduct. Thus, we can conclude that the changing economy and immigration cause changes in behaviors and attitudes
about race and ethnicity. Application : what “race” do you define yourself as? Why? What things in society have led you to believe that you (a) need to define yourself that way , and (b) force you to think of yourself in that way? I see myself as Middle Eastern and Muslim person because I was born there. However, People in the United States judge themselves based on the race they belong to. Also, there is a great focus on physical differences which might make some people have privileges over the others. (A) I do not think that there is a thing that made me define myself as Middle Eastern and Muslim except that I am who I am. (B) There is not anything that can force me to be a Middle Eastern, I am a Middle Eastern because I was born there and I feel that the Middle East is my original home. Puls, I say that because I am not an American, and my staying here has an expiration date. Finally, where I come from there is not that much judgment on our race, and on our physical differences between people. We have different judgments like religion and family heritage.
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- Spring '08
- Structural theories, immigration cause changes