flection shows that it is probably a matter of internalized role expectations

Flection shows that it is probably a matter of

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flection shows that it is probably a matter of internalized role expectations and therefore, men depend more strongly in their well being on these accepted evaluations. Female Male Actor control: +7.55 1 +3.95 2 Partner control: +4.75 3 +5.95 4 Joint control: +3.35 5 +1.95 6 Computation: 1 Difference between females‘ column means 2 Difference between males‘ row means 3 Difference between females‘ row means 4 Difference between males‘ column means 5 Difference between females‘ diagonal means 6 Difference between females‘ diagonal means Clean Not Male Female Not Clean 8.3 6.8 0.9 -1.1 0.2 -4.0 -3.1 -2.6
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Pleading for a more social Social Psychology 16 In line with the SI-premises, research should be continued in four directions: First, from the third SI-premise the question follows to what extent the societal meanings or evaluations have been differentially negotiated and adapted by each individual couple. Second, the ques- tion ensues how do predetermined socio-structural limitations, e.g. different income opportu- nities or the different acceptance of part-time employment for men and women, have influ- enced the evaluations in the sense of the second SI-premise and by that also have pre-struct- ured the specific negotiations. Third, the question remains open from Kelley’s investigation as to what extent the actual behavior corresponds to these evaluations or if one may not possibly find even larger gender-specific behavioral differences. In order to bring more specific detail to the first SI-premise and to combine it with psySP research, the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior should be a useful specification (see Charng, Piliavin, & Callero, 1988, as example). And fourth, the question ensues about the repercussions of the diverse dyadic ne- gotiation processes onto societal role-patterns in the sense of a consolidation or gradual modi- fication toward new gender role expectations. The premises of SI have also been quantitatively applied by Heise et al. in their research program on Affect Control Theory (ACT) (cf. Heise, 1979; 2007; Smith-Lovin & Heise, 1988; MacKinnon, 1994). Using language in its own right and substance for research, an af- fective lexicon of the colloquial language is compiled comprising between 500 and 6.000 words. Thereby the researchers use the three-dimensional measurement of affective meaning as it was developed by Osgood et al. (1975): all words useful for describing events are scored by several raters on the three dimensions e valuation, p otency, and a ctivity (EPA). This mea- surement fulfills the second SI-premise. To be able to make predictions according to the first SI-premise about the meaning of an event for the persons involved, Heise developed and tested mathematical systems of equations predicting how interaction partners, on the basis of their role-identities and of the situation in which they are experiencing an event, may choose an action or statement that takes these social meanings (“fundamental sentiments”) optimally into account. If an described event does not correspond to the implied fundamental social
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