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10 in terms of daily net radiation it is positive

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10. In terms of daily net radiation, it is positive during the ________________ when shortwave and longwave energy heat the surface and negative during the ________________ when longwave energy is escaping out to space. 11. What three factors heavily influence insolation? Briefly describe the relationship that exist among these factors. 12. The range in seasonal insolation is smallest at the (equator, midlatitudes, poles). 13. All locations between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn experience two maximums and two minimums in insolation. (True / False). 14. Daily temperatures are highest during the late afternoon/early evening hours and lowest at sunrise. (True / False) 15. In Figure 1, city (A , B) has the highest mean monthly temperature. 16. City (A , B) has the lowest mean monthly temperature. 17. The greatest annual temperature range (difference between highest and lowest mean monthly temperatures) occurs at city (A , B). 18. City (A , B) reaches its maximum mean monthly temperature at an earlier date. 19. City (A , B) maintains a more uniform temperature throughout the year. 20. City A is most likely located (along a coast , in the center of a continent). 21. The most likely location for city B is (coastal , mid-continent). 22. Describe the effect that the location, along the coast or in the center of a continent, has on the annual temperature pattern of a city.
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Figure 1. Mean monthly temperatures    Figure 2. Typical daily temperature for two North  American cities.                             graph for a mid-latitude city.  23. How would clouds influence daily maximum and minimum temperatures? 24. On Figure 2, sketch and label a colored line that would best represent a daily graph for a typical cloudy day. 25. Why do we typically find higher temperatures in urban areas compared to rural areas (given the same insolation)? 26. As you increase altitude, air temperature through the atmosphere increases. (True / False) 27. ________________________________ are lines of constant temperature. 28. What does it mean when you have strong temperature gradient? 29. During the winter along the same latitude, land masses experience colder temperatures than adjacent water bodies. (True / False). 30. What property of land and water is most responsible for these differences?
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31. Between January and July, why do isotherms in the Southern Hemisphere exhibit a true east- west orientation more closely than those in the Northern Hemisphere? 32. Where is the range in annual temperature greatest? Why? 33. Where is the range in annual temperature smallest? Why? 34. What is the wind chill index? Describe the relationship between air temperature and wind speed and its affect on the wind chill index. 35. What us the heat index? Describe the relationship between air temperature and relative humidity and its affect on the heat index.
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GE101 – Natural Environment: The Atmosphere Study Guide Worksheet Lecture 6 – Atmospheric Moisture, Clouds, Precipitation and Stability Complete the following worksheet using the Lecture 6 slides and pages 122-148 in the textbook.
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