Reproduce images the 1850s is the invention of the

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reproduce images; the 1850s is the invention of the telegraph and then to the telephone Telegraph: first human communication from distances; laid wires between two spots then a message could be communicated instantly; recentralization of social control because of the expensiveness in this type of technology; the most wealthy were in control of the radio/tv/etc. Photographic technology: scientific discovery about movement
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E. Digital: link origins to the transistor in 1940s; we see a shift in who is privileged in the new era; digital downloading and digital movie production; a new culture emerges; the rise of the digital era is the dynamics of our culture II. The Rise of Mass, Industrialized Culture: our culture is a mass culture and is very different then the culture of the written or print culture A. Industrialized Culture: Mass culture refers to the cultural products, practices, and rituals associated with industrial capitalism, the mass production of consumer goods and the growth of mass communication media. B. Historical Context 1. 1880 : mass culture began; the period when mass culture was born Industrial Revolution: our economy radically changed because of industrialization and mass production; more and more people become workers in the factory; industrialization brings more economic diversity Urbanization: population of societies grows tremendously Immigration: many of our ancestors came at this time Creation of leisure time: somewhat of an invention and connected to the rise of industrialization - - gave people a time off and the creation of separation between work and home; example being amusement parks (coney island) 2. Key contextual factors Anglo-Saxon protestant social elites New modes of communication and new types of cultures 3. Social elites’ fears/anxieties (Anglo-Saxon Protestant) C. McCulture III. Quality Culture vs. Trash Culture A. Class brainstorming B. Mass media and hierarchies of cultural tastes IV. Enduring Critiques of Mass Culture: What don’t “they” like about it? - - they all didn’t like it Many of our own assumptions about culture reflect on these critiques We all believe there is quality and trash television The attitudes about the quality of the culture we consume reflects our identity and our personal views We have to understand the criteria that you use to determine what is good and what is bad; what is quality and what is trash A. “Cultural conservative” version (ex. Alan Bloom): conservative: anybody that believes the values of the past are better than the emerging and changing values; they want to “conserve” the past 1. Anonymous/corporate: seems to be bad culture because don’t know who is producing it (we don’t know who writes That 70s Show but we know who wrote Hamlet); we can trace it back to the author
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2. Derivative:
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