during the Revolution. Phase 2: The Radical Revolution (Summer, 1792-Summer, 1794) In the summer of 1792, the French Revolution entered a second phase. Its politics turned more radical in the sense that new revolutionaries acting on behalf of the people seized control of the government and drove it in a republican, egalitarian direction. Three factors help account for this sudden and drastic change of direction. First, by permitting freedom of speech, assembly, and press, the revolutionaries of the first phase encouraged anyone who wished to engage in political discussion to do so. Moreover, these revolutionaries had embraced, even if incompletely, the ideas of freedom and equality. Men and women of the lower orders seized upon these ideas as well and had the opportunities to discuss them in public. And they felt cheated of their rights by the Constitution of 1791, which they correctly saw as a legal document protecting the rights of the wealthy more than their own. The second factor that drove the revolution in a radical direction had to do with actions of the king. The 1Laura Mason and Tracy Rizzo, eds. The French Revolution: A Document Collection(Boston: Houghton-Mifflin,. 1999), p. 110.