John Cabot: first explorer to sight North America. Italian sponsored by King Henry VII of England. 1497.England lay claim to all of North America.John Calvin: a brilliant French scholar who had fled to Geneva and brought it under the sway of his powerful beliefs. Calvin set to transform Geneva into a strictly regulated godly city. Juan de Onate: son of a wealthy Spanish mining family that founded New Mexico. Juan Ponce de Leon: 1513 – then governor of Puerto Rico, made the earliest known European exploration of Florida, hoping to find gold and Indian slaves. Lost ColonyLutheranMaize:(corn) the primary grain crop in Mesoamerica, yielding small kernels often ground into cornmeal.Easy to grow in a broad range of conditions, it enabled a global population explosion after being brought to Europe, Africa, and Asia.Martin Luther: a theologian and critic of the Catholic Church. Wrote 95 thesis and nailed them to the church door. German MonkMatriarchal:a society where women hold key leadership roles. Maya: Group of people who dominated Central America for more than 600 years. Rich written language & elaborate works of art. Sophisticated math & astronomy to create a yearly calendar. Highly developed, sprawling cities, hierarchical govt, terraced farms, pyramids, & cohesive ideology. Overexploited rainforest – culture collapsed around 900 AD. MercantilismMesoamerica: what is now Mexico and Central AmericaMestizos: the offspring of Spanish fathers and Indian mothersMexica: Otherwise known as the Aztecs, a Mesoamerican people of northern Mexico who founded the vast Aztec Empire in the fourteenth century, later conquered by the Spanish under Hernan Cortes in 1521. MicrolithMississippianMound building Cultures: predominately agricultural societies growing corn, beans, and squash. Moveable type Printing PressNeolithicNew Mexico: A region in the American Southwest, originally established by the Spanish, who settled there in the sixteenth century, founded Catholic missions, and exploited the region’s indigenous peoples. New Spain
OlmecPacific Northwest Cultures: little need for farming. Only needed to work for two days to provide enough food for a week. Intricate religious rituals & sophisticated wood working skills. Hierarchical, divided into slaves, commoners, and chiefs. Seashells used as money. Most densely populated of all regions in North America. Large, cedar plank houses. PaleolithicPatriarchalPhillip II: the king of Catholic Spain, Queen Elizabeth’s brother in law. Plains Nomadic Cultures: Nomadic hunter-gatherers, following on foot enormous herds of bison acrossa sea of grassland, collecting seeds, nuts, roots, and berries as they roamed.
- Fall '17
- Cliff Tyndall