John Cabot first explorer to sight North America Italian sponsored by King

John cabot first explorer to sight north america

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John Cabot: first explorer to sight North America. Italian sponsored by King Henry VII of England. 1497.England lay claim to all of North America.John Calvin: a brilliant French scholar who had fled to Geneva and brought it under the sway of his powerful beliefs. Calvin set to transform Geneva into a strictly regulated godly city. Juan de Onate: son of a wealthy Spanish mining family that founded New Mexico. Juan Ponce de Leon: 1513 – then governor of Puerto Rico, made the earliest known European exploration of Florida, hoping to find gold and Indian slaves. Lost ColonyLutheranMaize:(corn) the primary grain crop in Mesoamerica, yielding small kernels often ground into cornmeal.Easy to grow in a broad range of conditions, it enabled a global population explosion after being brought to Europe, Africa, and Asia.Martin Luther: a theologian and critic of the Catholic Church. Wrote 95 thesis and nailed them to the church door. German MonkMatriarchal:a society where women hold key leadership roles. Maya: Group of people who dominated Central America for more than 600 years. Rich written language & elaborate works of art. Sophisticated math & astronomy to create a yearly calendar. Highly developed, sprawling cities, hierarchical govt, terraced farms, pyramids, & cohesive ideology. Overexploited rainforest – culture collapsed around 900 AD. MercantilismMesoamerica: what is now Mexico and Central AmericaMestizos: the offspring of Spanish fathers and Indian mothersMexica: Otherwise known as the Aztecs, a Mesoamerican people of northern Mexico who founded the vast Aztec Empire in the fourteenth century, later conquered by the Spanish under Hernan Cortes in 1521. MicrolithMississippianMound building Cultures: predominately agricultural societies growing corn, beans, and squash. Moveable type Printing PressNeolithicNew Mexico: A region in the American Southwest, originally established by the Spanish, who settled there in the sixteenth century, founded Catholic missions, and exploited the region’s indigenous peoples. New Spain
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OlmecPacific Northwest Cultures: little need for farming. Only needed to work for two days to provide enough food for a week. Intricate religious rituals & sophisticated wood working skills. Hierarchical, divided into slaves, commoners, and chiefs. Seashells used as money. Most densely populated of all regions in North America. Large, cedar plank houses. PaleolithicPatriarchalPhillip II: the king of Catholic Spain, Queen Elizabeth’s brother in law. Plains Nomadic Cultures: Nomadic hunter-gatherers, following on foot enormous herds of bison acrossa sea of grassland, collecting seeds, nuts, roots, and berries as they roamed.
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