Shown that farmers in developing countries who have

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shown that farmers in developing countries who have achieved certain levels (15) of education, wealth, and security of land tenure are more likely to adopt such technologies. But these studies have focused on (20) villages with limited land that are tied to a market economy rather than on the relatively isolated, self- sufficient communities with (25) ample land characteristic of rain-forest regions. A recent study of the Tawahka people of the Honduran rain forest found that farmers with some (30) formal education were more likely to adopt improved plant varieties but less likely to use chemical herbicides and that those who spoke 4
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(35) Spanish (the language of the market economy) were more likely to adopt both technologies. Nonland wealth was also associated (40) with more adoption of both technologies, but availability of uncultivated land reduced the incentive to employ the productivity-enhancing tech- (45) nologies. Researchers also measured land-tenure security: in Tawahka society, kinship ties are a more important indicator of (50) this than are legal property rights, so researchers measured it by a house- hold’s duration of residence in its village. They found (55) that longer residence cor- related with more adoption of improved plant varieties but less adoption of chemical herbicides. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q10: The primary purpose of the passage is to A. evaluate the likelihood that a particular proposal, if implemented, would ultimately succeed in achieving its intended result B. question the assumption that certain technological innovations are the most effective means of realizing a particular environmental objective C. discuss the progress of efforts to encourage a particular traditional society to adopt certain modern agricultural methods D. present the results of new research suggesting that previous findings concerning one set of conditions may not be generalizable to another set of conditions E. weigh the relative importance of three factors in determining whether a particular strategy will be successful Answer: -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q11: According to the passage, the proposal mentioned in line 1 is aimed at preserving rain forests by encouraging farmers in rain-forest regions to do each of the following EXCEPT -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Q12: 5
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The passage suggests that in the study mentioned in line 27 the method for gathering information about security of land tenure reflects which of the following pairs of assumptions about Tawahka
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