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oMandy of them weren’togetting money on the sideoBegan to investigate the integrity of the candidates•Voter turnoutoAverage of 77% from 1868-1900oImportance of these issues led to “dirty” politics after the CWEx) Presidential campaign of 1884c.Election of 18841.Arthur very corrupt and did not get nominated2.W/ Grant, Hayes, Garfield being elected = Repubs were accused of corruptiona.James G. Blain – accepted money (Repub)Implicated in taking bribes3.Grover Cleveland a.Reputation as a reformer
b.In the beginning most suggest that Cleveland had the upper hand because of Blain’s past4.Cleveland was a bachelora.Supposedly got a woman pregnantb.Child may not have been his but did take responsibilityc.Suggested that it was an old friend’s childd.Wanted to marry his old friend’s daughter so took responsibilitye.Controversy made it look as though he would not win5.Protestant preacher cost Blain some votesa.Blasted Dems as the party of Rum, Romanism and ?b.Immigrants and Catholics changed their votes because of statementc.Lost NY and electiond.1890s – political movemente.Some people began to think that the 2 parties weren’t tryinga.3rdparty formedb.“Farmers Fight” – lead America into the era of reformi.Not successful on their own but startedImmigration1.European Push, American Pull•Limited opportunities in E and S Europe•Political/Religious PersecutionoEconomic hardship made worse by war, famine etc.o1846 – disease – potato famine in IrelandPotatoes were relied on in diet•US received the most immigrantsoInvitingoBusinesses needed a big supply of cheap laboroToday businesses support immigration for same reasonoReputation of freedom encouraged people to come hereoOpen immigration at this timeoNation of immigrantsoSometime new and letters would encourage people to come overoTendency for people to be happy when they 1stget hereoPushing and pulling + other factors brought peopleoSituation hadn’t changed for people Come over then go backo½ S and E Europeans go back home between 1908 and 19252.The Immigrant and the City•NYC was 80% foreign born in 1890•Immigrants went to the cities•1890, there were more Irish people in NYC than in Dublin•Building the Brooklyn Bridge
•Immigrants provided the backbone of American industry•Child Labor•Overcrowding•Poor sanitation•Most immigrants experienced and increase in Standar of Living, but no as much as middle or higher class•Unemployment3.Nativism•“Defensive nationalism”•Immigrants blames for problems•Wondered if immigrants were assimilating like they should•Protestants had an intense hatred toward Rome; afraid of Popery•Cause for rise in crime? (thought)•Underground tunnels; priests would go and “meet” nuns•Many weren’t Anglo-Saxon Western Europeans•Resulted in intense pressure to restrict immigration4.Immigration•Those who supported mostly wanted outright restriction•Others wanted Literacy testsoliteracy test passed, but President Cleveland vetoes it•Intense hatred, especially for Irish-Catholics•Immigrants would tend to vote for Dem. Party, so Dems were in favor of immigration•