o Mandy of them werent o getting money on the side o Began to investigate the

O mandy of them werent o getting money on the side o

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o Mandy of them weren’t o getting money on the side o Began to investigate the integrity of the candidates Voter turnout o Average of 77% from 1868-1900 o Importance of these issues led to “dirty” politics after the CW Ex) Presidential campaign of 1884 c. Election of 1884 1. Arthur very corrupt and did not get nominated 2. W/ Grant, Hayes, Garfield being elected = Repubs were accused of corruption a. James G. Blain – accepted money (Repub) Implicated in taking bribes 3. Grover Cleveland a. Reputation as a reformer
b. In the beginning most suggest that Cleveland had the upper hand because of Blain’s past 4. Cleveland was a bachelor a. Supposedly got a woman pregnant b. Child may not have been his but did take responsibility c. Suggested that it was an old friend’s child d. Wanted to marry his old friend’s daughter so took responsibility e. Controversy made it look as though he would not win 5. Protestant preacher cost Blain some votes a. Blasted Dems as the party of Rum, Romanism and ? b. Immigrants and Catholics changed their votes because of statement c. Lost NY and election d. 1890s – political movement e. Some people began to think that the 2 parties weren’t trying a. 3 rd party formed b. “Farmers Fight” – lead America into the era of reform i. Not successful on their own but started Immigration 1. European Push, American Pull Limited opportunities in E and S Europe Political/Religious Persecution o Economic hardship made worse by war, famine etc. o 1846 – disease – potato famine in Ireland Potatoes were relied on in diet US received the most immigrants o Inviting o Businesses needed a big supply of cheap labor o Today businesses support immigration for same reason o Reputation of freedom encouraged people to come here o Open immigration at this time o Nation of immigrants o Sometime new and letters would encourage people to come over o Tendency for people to be happy when they 1 st get here o Pushing and pulling + other factors brought people o Situation hadn’t changed for people Come over then go back o ½ S and E Europeans go back home between 1908 and 1925 2. The Immigrant and the City NYC was 80% foreign born in 1890 Immigrants went to the cities 1890, there were more Irish people in NYC than in Dublin Building the Brooklyn Bridge
Immigrants provided the backbone of American industry Child Labor Overcrowding Poor sanitation Most immigrants experienced and increase in Standar of Living, but no as much as middle or higher class Unemployment 3. Nativism “Defensive nationalism” Immigrants blames for problems Wondered if immigrants were assimilating like they should Protestants had an intense hatred toward Rome; afraid of Popery Cause for rise in crime? (thought) Underground tunnels; priests would go and “meet” nuns Many weren’t Anglo-Saxon Western Europeans Resulted in intense pressure to restrict immigration 4. Immigration Those who supported mostly wanted outright restriction Others wanted Literacy tests o literacy test passed, but President Cleveland vetoes it Intense hatred, especially for Irish-Catholics Immigrants would tend to vote for Dem. Party, so Dems were in favor of immigration

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