Glencoe Health 2005.pdf

8 a w ork out prepares the muscles for work 9 an

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8. A w ork out prepares the muscles for work. 9. An activity that prepares the muscles to return to a resting state is a prog ression . After You Read 106 RECALLING THE FACTS Use complete sentences to answer the following questions. 1. Examine and briefly describe the effects of regular physical activity on the nervous system. 2. Analyze the relationship between regular physical activity, health promotion, and disease prevention: How can engaging in regular physical activity reduce your risks of cardiovascular disease? 3. What is muscular strength, and how is it measured? 4. Examine and briefly describe how aerobic exercise affects the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. HS_HEALTH_U02_C04_CR 12/6/03 8:20 AM Page 106
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Chapter 4 Review Chapter 4 Review 5. In the context of physical activity, what is meant by the term progression ? 6. What three elements should be part of every physical activity session? 7. Why are proper nutrition and adequate rest important factors in a physical activity training program? 8. Why is starting a fitness program a situation that requires preventive health care? 9. Describe and analyze a strategy for responding to minor strains and sprains. 10. What symptoms signal a major injury that requires treatment from professional health services? THINKING CRITICALLY 1. Analyzing. Why do you think many teens lead sedentary lifestyles? 2. Evaluating. What physical activities might someone who does not enjoy formal group exercise participate in to obtain the benefits of both aerobic exercise and anaerobic exercise? 3. Synthesizing. Develop a physical activity program that includes all areas shown in the Physical Activity Pyramid in Figure 4.3 on page 88. 4. Explaining. Why is it important to be alert to the surrounding environment when playing a sport? 5. Applying. What strategies would an experienced skier use to prevent illness and accidental injury while skiing? Test Practice Test Practice Read the passage below and then answer the questions. (1) Rashab tucked his head down and pumped harder. (2) It had been a tough race so far, but he fought any feeling of tiredness. (3) The three leading riders were not as far away as they had been a moment ago. (4) With luck they were the ones feeling tired, not him. (5) They were all approaching the last two miles of the race, a slow incline, followed by a curve, then a straight run to the finish line. (6) He moved down a gear, pushed harder, and decided not to waste any more time checking positions. (7) He passes one competitor without even looking at him, concentrating instead on keeping a smooth and even pace. (8) He thought about how he would feel if he lost. (9) Half a mile left and there were still two riders ahead. (10) “I can go faster than this,” he thought. (11) He clenched his teeth, dug down deep for the strength and forced himself to increase the pace.
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