Norms Behaviors that are expected and not expected Unwritten Source of culture

Norms behaviors that are expected and not expected

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Norms Behaviors that are expected and not expected Unwritten Source of culture shock
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Cultural Norms and Values Values What people prefer Values What people prefer Norms What people expect and consider to be appropriate Norms What people expect and consider to be appropriate Behavio r What people actually do Behavio r What people actually do
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Two Cultural Value Frameworks Hofstede Five dimensions Practically: Easy way to compare countries GLOBE Project Considers both general culture and leadership Practically: Data available, so good for advanced analysis
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Hofstede’s Five Dimensions Power Distance: the degree to which the less powerful members of a society accept and expect that power is distributed unequally. The fundamental issue here is how a society handles inequalities among people Individualism: a preference for a loosely-knit social framework in which individuals are expected to take care of only themselves and their immediate families. Its opposite, Collectivism, represents a preference for a tightly-knit framework in society in which individuals can expect their relatives or members of a particular in-group to look after them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty. Masculinity: a preference in society for achievement, heroism, assertiveness, and material rewards for success. Society at large is more competitive. Its opposite, Femininity, stands for a preference for cooperation, modesty, caring for the weak and quality of life. Society at large is more consensus-oriented.
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Hofstede’s Five Dimensions Uncertainty avoidance : the degree to which the members of a society feel uncomfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity. The fundamental issue here is how a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: should we try to control the future or just let it happen? Countries exhibiting strong uncertainty avoidance maintain rigid codes of belief and behavior, and are intolerant of unorthodox behavior and ideas.
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  • Fall '17
  • MaryEllen Johnson
  • Sociology

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