a. A supermarket cashier always scans store coupons before company coupons because she was taught to do it that way. b. A businessman feels that he deserves a raise, but is nervous to ask his manager for one; instead, he comforts himself with the idea that hard work is its own reward.c. An associate professor is afraid that she won't be given tenure and starts spreading rumours about one of her associates to make herself look better.d. A construction worker is laid off and takes a job at a fast food restaurant temporarily, although he has never had an interest in preparing food before.FeedbackThe correct answer is: A supermarket cashier always scans store coupons before company coupons because she was taught to do it that way.16CorrectSchool discipline obliges students to sit in rows and listen to lessons quietly in order for them to learn. This strategy of education demonstrates __________.
a. Compensatory social controlb. Formal sanctionsc. Docilityd. Positive sanctionsFeedbackThe correct answer is: Docility17CorrectWhich of the following best describes how deviance is defined?a. Deviance is defined by federal, provincial, and local laws.b. Deviance's definition is determined by one's religion.c. Deviance occurs whenever someone else is harmed by an action.d. Deviance is socially defined.FeedbackThe correct answer is: Deviance is socially defined.18Correct
What factor makes caste systems closed?a. They are run by secretive governments.b. People cannot change their social standings.c. Most have been outlawed.d. They exist only in rural areas.FeedbackThe correct answer is: People cannot change their social standings.19CorrectOccupational prestige means that jobs are __________.a. all equal in statusb. not equally valuedc. assigned to a person for lifed. not part of a person's self-identityFeedbackThe correct answer is: not equally valued20Correct
According to Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann, society is based on __________.a. habitual actionsb. statusc. institutionalizationd. role performanceFeedbackThe correct answer is: habitual actions21CorrectThe basic premise of the Davis-Moore thesis is that the unequal distribution of rewards in social stratification __________.a. Is an outdated mode of societal organizationb. Is an artificial reflection of societyc. Serves a purpose in societyd. Cannot be justifiedFeedbackThe correct answer is: Serves a purpose in society22Correct
Unlike Davis and Moore, Melvin Tumin believed that, because of social stratification, some qualified people were __________ higher-level job positions.a. Denied the opportunity to obtainb. Encouraged to train forc. Often fired fromd. Forced intoFeedbackThe correct answer is: Denied the opportunity to obtain23Correct__________ deviance is a violation of norms that __________ result in a person being labelled a deviant.