A section 12 measures 84 refrain b section 11

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A Section: 12 measures 8+4 refrain B Section: 11 measures 8 + 3 dry hi-hat. Last 3 measures “I can’t hide” A Section: 12 measures 8 +4 clap riff and wet hi-hat come back, refrain on last 4 B Section: 11 measures 8 + 3 dry hi-hat A Section: 12 measures 8 +4 clap riff, wet hi hat, refrain on last 4 What makes it early Beatles? -Simpler lyrics, safe, romance but not dangerous -Simple accompanying instruments -Short 2-3 minutes -No backbeat, little call & response -Simple structure -Lead singer, lots of unison, simple harmonies -Not many riffs Folk Music Bob Dylan: 1) depth of lyrics 2) sound going electric -Influence of Woody Guthrie -The times are changing – relating back to JFK, people were afraid of the future after Kennedy’sdeath -Dylan spoke for a generation The Time They Are A-Changing – Bob Dylan -3/4 timeIntro: 3 measures Verse: 27 measures, 23 + 4 refrain (the times they are a changing) Solo 7: harmonica Verse: 27 measures, 23 + 4 refrain Solo: 11 Verse: 26, 22 +4 refrain Solo 6 Verse 26, 22+4Solo 17 Verse 26, 22+4Solo/fade 8+ Irregular Lengths: not for dancing, not radio friendly Lyrics most important very text heavy AAB = text tightClearly enunciated Not overly commercial. Meant to be for protest. Not for dancing and thinking about the world Going Electric: -1965, Newport folk festival… first major performance of Dylan going electric -Crowd boos him off stage, very hostile response -Audience feared he would become commercial and not be political anymore -Began to bring folk music in to rock music Girl Groups… 1950s, 3 trends come up -Movement towards suburban life -Nuclear family -Television taking over as a primary source of media – leave it to beaver Problems and issues in the 50s
Poverty The race problem – civil rights, 1964 supreme court delivers desegregation decision The In-Between Years -1958-1963, end of rock and roll stars, most disappear -Music industry has to fabricate new stars, were often portrayed as alternate boyfriends for young girls -Payolo investigation (paying DJs to play certain records) -Older people believed rock and roll was the result of payola and that it was corrupting the youth jAround this time the US gov was on a communist witch hunt, also on a payola witch hunt Game show 21 -Fed people answers to keep viewership up an create excitement, increase ratings -Investigate music as a result -ASCAP joins the effort to expose payola, could not figure out why people were listening to rock and roll. Racism – ageism -Rock and roll was primarily managed by BMI -Alan Freed was accepting payola and was removed from New York Repercussions: fabricated artists – controlled by record companies and master managed. Girl groups Phil Spector – producer and songwriter NYC – worked at Brill building. New/modern tin pan alley, artists would go in and write musicWall of sound technique: made through overloading a studio and putting as many musicians in aroom as he could. Lots of overdubbing and multi-track recording techniques Drum fills – playing drums in sequence Be my Baby – The Ronnettes – Phillies label (cofounded by Spector) Call & response

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