promoted industrial efforts: advocated protective tariffs Debates and the Emergence of Political Parties Bank Bill: Hamilton uses “necessary and proper” clause After Washington’s term, America divided into two political camps Federalists: supported Hamilton, concentrated in the north, well-off financially Republicans (Democratic-Republicans): supported Jefferson Supported an agrarian America, wanted limited powers of national govt. The French Revolution’s impact on American political parties The Election of 1796 and the death of Federalism John Adams v. Thomas Jefferson The XYZ Affair; “Quasi War” with France The Alien and Sedition Acts: federal crime to engage in conspiracy Jefferson and Madison: Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions Franco-American Accord (1800) Thomas Jefferson as President Jeffersonian Vision and First Administration (1801-05): Agrarian Simplicity Scaling back the federal government TJ cut national debt TJ lowered taxes, allowed Alien and Sedition Acts to expire Cut military budget, relied on revenues from customs Judicial Review Judiciary Act (1801) Packed the federal judiciary with Federalists Congress repealed the Act Federalists went to Chief Justice John Marshall Marbury v. Madison: Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional Marshall established SC’s most imp. power: judicial review SC can determine an act of Congress unconstitutional The Louisiana Purchase (1803) The US needed access to Miss. R. and New Orleans Napoleon Bonaparte St. Domingue and the slave revolt Napoleon offered to sell all of Lou. Terr. for $15 million Robert Livingston, James Monroe negotiate Purchase doubled size of US—was it constitutional?
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- Spring '08
- History, John Adams, Supreme Court of the United States, Judiciary Act