Addressing the Issue According to Harbach the replacement of the liberal

Addressing the issue according to harbach the

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Addressing the Issue According to Harbach, the replacement of the liberal thoughts and consideration of families as vulnerable subjects requires the state to assume responsibility for childcare services (488). Based on the Vulnerability Theory, the authors argue that the state should
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Bruku 5 become responsive to the disparities. In other words, it should recognize the inadequacies of privatization in responding to the vulnerability of children and families. While the reauthorization of the CCDF increased the breadth and availability of federal funding to state childcare programs, it remains inadequate in addressing the issue. In turn, a collaborative approach involving the federal, state, and local governments, as well as private organizations and local communities, should help in advancing the goal. State and local governments should create strategies that increase revenue sources to use in the subsidization of childcare. Several proposals have emerged in scholarly research and policy debates regarding taxes to fund such programs. For example, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act doubled Child Tax Credit from $1,000 to $2,000 per child (Harbach 509). Hamm and Carmel proposed a High-Quality Child Care Tax Credit to subsidize childcare for low- income families (8). The proposal focuses on improving the affordability of the services for this population. In Palm Beach, voters approved the creation of a special tax that would fund additional services, including childcare. Similarly, the City of Seattle created the Child Care Assistance Program to subsidize the services for its low-income residents (PolicyLink 4). Such proposals are feasible in improving the affordability of childcare services. The government should take a new role in protecting children from unregulated care. According to Harbach, the current regulations fall short of quality benchmarks (506). While CCDF mandates a licensing scheme in each state, the effects have often been limited. Unlicensed care centers remain a substantial problem, especially because of the location of the licensed ones. According to PolicyLink, the government should play a direct role in increasing the availability and quality of centers (6). For example, having the centers at transit-oriented development sites could improve availability. Indeed, some localities and states have adopted innovative strategies to guarantee access to high-quality services for low- income families. For instance, the Fruitvale Transit Village in Oakland has integrated
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Bruku 6 affordable childcare within this development (PolicyLink 8). Directing impact fees towards the creation of childcare facilities could promote affordability and accessibility of the services among low-income and middle-class families. Related to the protection of children is the need to support and monitor childcare institutions. According to Harbach, the state should take steps to address heuristics, information problems, and spillovers that lead to suboptimal performance in this market (513). The provision of subsidies aligned to quality would help in regulating the market and ensuring the transparency of the services offered. It is also essential for the government to enhance the supply of centers through investments in early care workforce (Harbach 513).
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