good leader or bad leader best combination is the balance between motives Need

Good leader or bad leader best combination is the

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to various outcomes.. good leader or bad leader -> best combination is the balance between motives Need for Intimacy (nInt) Recurrent preference for, or readiness for, warm, close, communicative interactions with others (different from extraversion, quality connections than quantitative) People with a high nInt o Spend more time during the day thinking about relationships o more pleasant emotions when around other people o smile, laugh make more eye contact o start up conversations more frequently, write more letters Positive correlations with measures of happiness, satisfaction in life, adjustment, well-being -> tend to be happier Consistent gender difference: women average tend to be higher than men Summary implicit (TAT, language analysis) and explicit (self-report questionnaire) measure of motivation implicit motives based on needs, less conscious
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explicit motives reflect persons’ believe where they are driving them Most empirical research has focused on 3 different motives: o Need for achievement o Need for power o Need for intimacy -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The Whole Person Elements of the Humanistic Approach The humanistic approach is very different from the psychoanalytic approach personality Instead of focusing on the unconcious drive and force that shape human behaviour, the humanistic approach emphasizes conscious awareness of needs, choice and personal responsibility Researchers from this tradition recognize to understand a person, you must understand your unique view of reality They have an optimistic view of human nature, in contrast, the Freud view of pessimistic Emphasis on the human need for growth and realizing one’s full potential o Finding meaning and purpose in life, become fully functioning people (True motivation that is driving all individuals) Focuses on GROWTH instead of deficiency We seek to realize our own truthful potential Element Definition Humanistic Study of humans, not animals Holistic Human system is greater than the sum of its parts Historic Whole person from birth to death Phenomenological Focus on interior, experiential, and existential aspects of personality Real life Person in nature, society, and culture - not just the experimental lab Positivity Joy, fruitful activities, virtuous actions and attributes Will Choices, decisions, voluntary actions Value A philosophy of life that describes what is desirable Carl Rogers A psychologist who focused on ways to foster and attain self-actualization Focused on ways to foster and attain self-actualization Fully functioning person : o Person on route toward self-actualization (on the journey) All children are born with a need for positive regard We all want people like us to love us Rogers’ Contributions
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Many parents and significant others place conditions of worth on when one will receive positive regard o conditional positive regard o As children, we sometimes learn that there are certain things we must do to please our parents or caregivers.
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