If using a newspaper article just use the authors

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newspaper articles downloaded from the web do not.  If using a newspaper article, just use the author’s  name and date, e.g.,  (Pear: 2006).   I don’t want to see a citation like (Pear in Kelsey reader) or (Kelsey  reader) in your essay.   Lecture notes If you are referring to lecture material that is  not  a summary of the readings, include the name of  the lecturer, the fact that it came from a lecture and the date of the lecture, e.g., (Kelsey, lect.  1/30/18).  References to the lectures should be rare (if used at all) because much lecture material  is drawn on the assigned readings.  Refer to the original source of ideas when possible. ASA FORMAT FOR CITING QUOTES AND KEY IDEAS IN YOUR ESSAY Key idea citations You should give credit to an author if you paraphrase a key idea associated with a particular author.   Like direct quotes, you should cite the author's name and date of publication (see Ex. 1). You may want  to include a page number if you are citing very specific ideas, definitions or data (see Ex. 2).  Ex. 1:  As Hochschild (2012) has shown, most American mothers are now employed—a  change that has vastly increased tensions in the family. Ex. 2:  Between 1975 and 2000, the percent of all employed American mothers with  children under age eighteen rose from 47 percent to 73 percent.  And, for mothers with  children six and under, 63 percent were working for pay by 2001 (Hochschild 2003:xxiv). Quotes of 4 lines or less Quotations in the text (where the quote is four lines or less) begin and end with quotation marks.  Example one:   If author’s name is in the text, the beginning and end of the quote is enclosed in quotation marks.  The page number(s) is placed at the end of the quote—outside the closing quotation mark and  preceding the period. 
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In her explanation of the economic changes that send mothers into the workforce, Coontz (1997)  argued, “dependence on purchased goods and credit is here to stay, and with this, the need for  wives and mothers to work” (p. 60). Example two:   If the author’s name is not in the text, enclose the last name, date of publication and page  number in parentheses at the end of the sentence.  Other scholars have suggested that the organization of our current economy creates a  “dependence on purchased goods and credit . . . and with this, the need for wives and mothers to  work” (Coontz 1997:60). Block   quotations for quotes of 4 lines or longer Use the same style of citation for block quotes (author’s name publication date:page number) but  because block quotations (for quotes longer than four lines) are set off in a separate,  indented  paragraph, t hey are not enclosed in quotation marks .   
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