They were also angry at the surveyors, who were laying out square townships with no regard for their traditional strip lots. During the summer, to preserve the right of his people, riel organized bands of metis to observe and confront the surveyors. One week later, he formed the metis national committee to fight for Metis concerns about their land. They first met with the new governor william mcdougall the welcome was not warm. Members of the committee wanted mcdougall to go back to ottawa because they wanted to govern themselves. Next, several metis under riels command occupied fort garry and seized munitions. The red river rebellion had begun. Riel and his supporters had no intention of rebelling against canada. Only wanted to ensure that red river people had rights and traditions after the region was transferred to canadian authority. Riel decided to set up a provisional government to maintain order and to negotiate an agreement by which the territory surrounding the red river settlement could enter confederation as the province of manitoba. Riel feared that if mcdougall took charge of the area, he would give members of the canadian party all the power to ignore the metis, which would lead the metis to lose their rights. Early december, riel led a party of armed metis schultz home, which was the headquarters for the canadian party. Schultz home was surrounded, and he and 48 of his followers were taken to fort garry. Riel now declared he wanted to negotiate with government. John A. refused. Schultz escaped from fort gary and plotted to free other prisoners. Before he did that, his raiders clashed with metis and were arrested. One of prisoners were Thomas Scott, most belligerent member if the canadian party. In prison he publized anti metis views, verbally and physically abused the guards, and threatened the life of louis riel. March 4, he was executed by firing squad by riel's provisional government. March 9, riel proclaimed that trouble had subsided. Weeks later ottawa wanted to create manitoba. Sadly for riel and the metis, schultz had also left the northwest for ontario. Early april, he began to publicize view of the metis and the execution of Thomas Scott. Although the six members of the firing squad had taken careful aim together, they did not kill Scott instantaneously. Squad director Francois Guillemette, had to step forward and deliver one more bullet to Scotts head. Macdonald refused to allow provincial control of public lands, but he did offer a compromise a grant of 200 000 hectares of land for the metis, in recognition of their aboriginal title. May 2, legislation confirming mantibas admission was passed by the house of Commons. John A also determined to show his support for the calls demanding justice from ontario. Dispatched 1200
Socials Notes for Final Exam to winnipeg under the command of colonel wolseley, wit instructions to keep peace. When Wolseley's force arrive in late august, riel had wisely for the area, because he thought his life was in danger. The canadian government decided to baich riel from canada for 5 years.