1 epa hydraulic fracturing study plan november 2011

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EPA Hydraulic Fracturing Study Plan November 2011 149 References 1. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. (2011, September ). Supplemental generic environmental impact statement on the oil, gas and solution mining regulatory program (draft). Well permit issuance for horizontal drilling and high-volume hydraulic fracturing to develop the Marcellus Shale and other low-permeability gas reservoirs. Albany, NY: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Retrieved January 20, 2010, from . 2. Veil, J. A., Puder, M. G., Elcock, D., & Redweik, R. J. (2004). A white paper describing produced water from production of crude oil, natural gas, and coal bed methane. Prepared for the US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory. Argonne, IL: Argonne National Laboratory. Retrieved January 20, 2011, from ProducedWatersWP0401.pdf. 3. URS Operating Services, Inc. (2010, August 20). Expanded site investigation—Analytical results report. Pavillion area groundwater investigation . Prepared for US Environmental Protection Agency. Denver, CO: URS Operating Services, Inc. Retrieved January 27, 2011, from PavillionAnalyticalResultsReport.pdf. 4. Alpha Environmental Consultants, Inc., Alpha Geoscience, & NTS Consultants, Inc. (2009). Issues related to developing the Marcellus Shale and other low-permeability gas reservoirs. Albany, NY: New York State Energy Research and Development Authority.
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EPA Hydraulic Fracturing Study Plan November 2011 150 TABLE E3. NATURALLY OCCURRING SUBSTANCES MOBILIZED BY FRACTURING ACTIVITIES Chemical Common Valence States Ref. Aluminum III 1 Antimony V,III,-III 1 Arsenic V, III, 0, -III 1 Barium II 1 Beryllium II 1 Boron III 1 Cadmium II 1 Calcium II 1 Chromium VI, III 1 Cobalt III, II 1 Copper II, I 1 Hydrogen sulfide N/A 2 Iron III, II 1 Lead IV, II 1 Magnesium II 1 Molybdenum VI, III 1 Nickel II 1 Radium (226) II 2 Radium (228) II 2 Selenium VI, IV, II, 0, -II 1 Silver I 1 Sodium I 1 Thallium III, I 1 Thorium IV 2 Tin IV, II, -IV 1 Titanium IV 1 Uranium VI, IV 2 Vanadium V 1 Yttrium III 1 Zinc II 1 References 1. Sumi, L. (2005). Our drinking water at risk: What EPA and the oil and gas industry don’t want us to know about hydraulic fracturing . Durango, CO: Oil and Gas Accountability Project/Earthworks. Retrieved January 21, 2011, from DrinkingWaterAtRisk.pdf. 2. Sumi, L. (2008). Shale gas: Focus on the Marcellus Shale . Durango, CO: Oil and Gas Accountability Project/Earthworks. Retrieved January 21, 2011, from .
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EPA Hydraulic Fracturing Study Plan November 2011 151 A PPENDIX F: S TAKEHOLDER -N OMINATED C ASE S TUDIES This appendix lists the stakeholder-nominated case studies. Potential retrospective case study sites can be found in Table F1, while potential prospective case study sites are listed in Table F2.
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