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describe how our thinking is influenced by materialism (natural science). Thesis + Antithesis = Synthesishe starting Thesis is tpoint and then there is opposing ideas to the starting point and together create a revolution. Then that revolution would become the new starting point and the process begins again… never ending. One thesis always creates its antithesis, and the term will create another thesis and the constant fight between. Change doesn't come from abstract ideas, but concrete materials, How does change come about in history: the modes of production, wages, lawof supply and demand. emphasis on materialism, on concrete things not conceptual things.Proletariat One of two classes (the other being the Bourgeoisie) that consists of workers, urban poor, and the dispossessedThe urban poor with nothing to sell but themselvesConditions described in ManchesteroDwellings dirty and crampedLittle Privacy (something we take for granted)Not much better than living in the streetsUnsanitary conditionsOften hungryNo public schoolsHad to pay; Didn’t have moneysaw no need in education since work didn’t require itMorals not as good
workers only put up with this injustice because they are likely oppressed by low wages with little to no support to fight the system OR believe what they have been told by the rich.the exploitation created the wealth distinction between classes. Uprisings of 1848- The communist alternative in 1848 -abandon the notion of private property in Children often became urchins (pickpocketed)Gender roles upsetWomen and children working while men unemployedOverworked and unable to be with their childrenLittle safetyWorkers essentially ignoredLaw ignored them until they became unruly and obnoxiousKept them in line from the BourgeoisNot just poorEntire life is unstable and filled with anxietyoHas nothing but his own two handsoPlaced in the lowest social classoNothing to rely onoLower than slavesSlaves at least had someone (their masters) to provide for themoInsurance of zeroHad two choices:oFight against itTo retain what little humanity they hadoAccept itTake what little profit you canImpossible to pull yourself outoTo get virtue, knowledge, etc.oWhich is necessary social pattern in order to succeedLiberal idealoNot enough money to save upLife too unstable
Hired one day, fired the nextWhen poor get money, they often get drunkoWhen things are good, they take advantage of itUnstable conditions = Live life as if it is unstableMight get stolen from you so you might as well use itWhat family life is possible under such stress?oPoverty breeds social disfunctionHad to ignore childrenGrown in a savage wayDismantling the sanctity of private propertycommunist don’t believe in private property because normally this is what leads to distinctions of social class.