This explanation will become crucial in understanding the way I gathered

This explanation will become crucial in understanding

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This explanation will become crucial in understanding the way I gathered, analyzed and presented the data in the upcoming chapters. Because I have such a large corpus of data, sampling became one of the biggest challenges in conducting this research. Sampling, for the naturalist, serves a different purpose than it does for the positivist – the point is not to be able to generalize or to predict other outcomes. This thesis is concerned with how discourse frames our understanding of two of the “worst” female reality television stars today. I am not extending my conclusions here to the framing of other reality television
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52 celebrities, nor other female celebrities in relation to issues of authenticity, legitimacy and containment. Furthermore, I would make no claim about the applicability of my results here to similar analyses conducted on these same two stars in 2013. My research was focused on these two specific stars at this specific time in a specific context. However, I do believe I have offered an approach that could effectively be applied to other stars, at other times, in different contexts. The analytical approach, rooted in empirical data, will be duly outlined in detail so that such an analysis could occur, which further contributes to the trustworthiness and credibility of my research presented here (see Lincoln & Guba, 1985, p. 298 on the transferable nature of empirical evidence, thus lending to the trustworthiness of the research in question). My intent here, to reiterate, is not to produce generalizations and, as such, I follow Lincoln and Guba (1985)’s assertion that “sampling is not representative but contingent and serial – each element sampled depending on the characteristics of all the preceding elements, and no element being identified until its predecessor elements have been identified and, so far as possible, tapped” (p. 224). I will now describe exactly how this process unravelled in relation to my key theoretical concepts – authenticity, legitimacy and containment. Snooki The first case study to follow will be that of Jersey Shore star Nicole “Snooki” Polizzi. In total, there were 231 articles returned in the search for “Snooki” across the four online news sources for 2012 – National Post (41), CNN (41), People (59), and TMZ.com (90). Of those, eight were not used because they had no mention of Snooki (most of those came up in the search because they included a hyperlink to another Snooki
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53 article in the “related stories” section) while 39 were not analyzed because the main content was a photo gallery and/or video (i.e. CNN search results included many clips from CNN television programming), as the main concern of this thesis is to examine written news text 24 . Articles were then subdivided according to subject – those whose main subject was Snooki herself (or her within the context of one of her reality shows Jersey Shore or Snooki and JWoww ); 25 those with one line or one sentence about Snooki (i.e. an article about another celebrity in which that star makes an offhanded comment
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  • Winter '16
  • Robert Kalle
  • It, Reality television

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