25 altruistic suicide the sacrificing of ones life

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25. Altruistic Suicide - The sacrificing of one’s life for the good of the group. 26. Anomic Suicide - Durkheim’s term anomic indicates a social condition characterized by the absence of norms or conflicting norms. At the individual level, the person is not sure what the norms are, which leads to a relatively high probability of suicide. 27. Anomie - A social condition characterized by the absence of norms or conflicting norms. 28. Society - The largest social organization to which individuals owe their allegiance. The entity is located geographically, has a common culture, and is relatively self-sufficient. 29. Social System - A differentiated group whose parts are interrelated in an orderly arrangement, bounded in geographical space or membership. 30. Social Stratification - Occurs when people are ranked in a hierarchy that differentiates them as superior or inferior. 31. Institutions - Social arrangements that channel behavior in prescribed ways in the important areas of societal life. Summary: The Micro Level - Social Organization refers to the observed regularities in the behavior of people that are due to social conditions rather than the physiology and psychology of individuals - The social conditions that constraint behavior can be divided into two parts: - Social Structure : The structure of behavior in groups and society - Involves the linkages and networks that transform individuals into a group. - It includes patterns of interaction that emerge, the division of labor and the the links and hierarchy of positions - Vocab list: group, social interaction, & social relationship - Culture : The shared belief of group members unite them and guide their behavior - Vocab list: value, social groups - The elements of culture include: norms (rules), roles (behavioral expectations for the occupants of various positions) and values (the criteria for judging people, things, and actions.) - Norms - Behavior are governed by rules. - Consequences of breaking rules: Folkway vs Mores - Rules may be formal or informal - Status and Role - Each of us belong to a number of social organizations, and in each we occupy a position (status). These statuses are a major source of identity individuals. - The behavior expected of a person occupying a status in a social organization is the role. The pressures to conform to role demands ensure that there is stability and predictability in social groups even though member turnover occurs. - Social Control - Primary and Secondary Groups - Bureaucracy: The Ultimate Secondary Group - Power of the Social Group - The Group Affects the Probability of Suicide - The Group Affects Perceptions - The Group Affects Conviction
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- The Group Affects Health and Life - The Group Affects Behavior The Societal or Macro Level - Society as a Social System - The Culture of Society - Social Classes - Social Institutions Chapter 3 - The Duality of Social Life: Order and Conflict Vocabulary Terms: 1. Order Model (functionalism) - The conception of society as a social system characterized by cohesion, consensus, cooperation, reciprocity, stability, and persistence.
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