Through the comparative public administration, the achievements and political systems of different countries are compared. Analysis is made to learn in any specific country, how some specific plan was launched and how many people were benefited from it. In this vein, an eminent author observes, Comparative public administration is a quest for patterns and regularities of administrative action and behaviour. Through comparative analysis, we are able to show not only the diversity of human experience, but also the amazing uniformity within and among states. Comparison extends our knowledge of how to explore, reflect, and better understand universal administrative attributes, instead of being confined to ethnocentric views. Under comparative public administration it has become easier to study the administrative system of developing and developed countries. 1. Scope of Comparative Public Administration To make comparative public administration a genuine comparative study, it must be national and cross cultural. Comparative administrative studies can be conducted at three analytical levels: macro, middle-range and micro. 1.1. Macro study Macro studies base emphasis on the comparisons of whole administrative systems in their proper ecological fashion. A macro study would involve, take for example, a comparison of the administrative systems of Nigeria and USA. It will comprise detailed analysis of all important aspects and parts of the administrative systems of the two countries. Basically, whatever relationship may exist between an administrative system and its external environment are highlighted in the macro level studies. 1.2. Middle-range study The middle-range studies are on certain important parts of an administrative system that are sufficiently large in size and in scope of functioning. Take for Page of 26 52
example, a comparison of local government in different countries will form part of middle-range studies. 1.3. Micro study Micro studies are concerned with comparisons of an individual organization with its counterparts in other settings. Basically, a micro study might relate to an analysis of a small part of an administrative system, such as the recruitment or training system in two or more administrative organizations. In practice, micro studies are more realistic to be undertaken and a huge number of such studies have been conducted by scholars of public administration. In the contemporary comparative public administration, all the three types of studies coexist. 2. Approaches And Models To Comparative Public Administration There are many approaches which prompts the basis for which the studies of comparative public administration are conducted. Particularly after Second World War, a number of approaches have emerged in comparative administrative analysis.
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- Summer '17