Coptic orthodox church this oriental orthodox group

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Coptic Orthodox Church: This Oriental Orthodox group is primarily found in Egypt and inparts of Ethiopia. It is known for its long-running monastic communities deep in theEgyptian desert. As a Christian minority, Coptic-Muslim relations in Egypt continue to becontentious.
Denominations of ChristianityWestern ChurchesEastern ChurchesRomanCatholicProtestantLutheranChurch of England(Anglican)CalvinistSectarianoBaptistoMethodistoQuakeroPentecostaloOtherNon-TraditionalMormonChristianScienceJehovah’sWitnessesAfricanIndependentUnitarianUnityUnificationOtherOrthodoxGreekRussianSerbianOtherNon-OrthodoxArmenianCopticEthiopianNestorianOtherThe Christian YearThe Christian year is followed in varying degrees by all Christian denominations, but thecomplete calendar remains a part of the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and traditionalistProtestant denominations (Church of England and Lutheranism). Symbolic colors areused for clerical garbs during each period.oAdvent: First season of the liturgical year; four-week period ending withChristmas.oChristmas: A 12-day period celebrating the birth Jesus; ends with the feast of theEpiphany, which honors the visit of the wise men to the infant Jesus. The exactdate of Jesus’ birth is unknown; however, the Roman festival for the wintersolstice, Saturnalia, was chosen as the date for celebration.oOrdinary Time (before Lent):Since Easter is a moveable feast based on the lunarcalendar, the period of Ordinary Time before Lent (the preparation period forEaster) can vary in length.oLent: A 40-day period of preparation for Easter beginning with Ash Wednesday; atime of austerity and sacrifice representing Jesus; 40 days of fasting and prayer.The holy days of Good Friday, Holy Saturday,and Easter Sundayend this period.oEaster: Celebration of Jesus’ resurrection with roots to the Jewish festival ofPassover. This 50-day period ends with the festival of Pentecost, which recalls thefirst sermons of the apostles through inspiration from the Holy Spirit.oOrdinary Time (after Easter): Stretches from Pentecost Monday to the season ofAdvent.Roman Catholicism
The Catholic Church hasseven sacraments, or physical rites that bestow the grace ofGod: baptism, the Eucharist, confirmation, reconciliation, marriage, ordination, andanointing of the sick.oThe only sacrament not open to all is ordination, which is currently reserved onlyfor men and requires celibacy and obedience to the church hierarchy.Roman Catholicism views bothscripture and traditionas essential parts of faith.Emphasis is placed on the church hierarchy and the guidance that it offers. The Bible ismeant to be interpreted with guidance from church authority and the tradition ofinterpretation. In addition, good works are meant to accompany faith.

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