1 what self evident truths does the author identify 2

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1. What “self-evident” truths does the author identify? 2. How does the author’s choice of the phrases “self-evident” truths and “unalienable rights” affect his argument? 3. Why are “governments instituted among men?” 4. What does “deriving their powers from the consent of the governed” mean? 5. Under what circumstances do the people have the right to “alter or abolish” their government? 6. According to the author, how should any new government be created? 7. Explain the key point in the author’s
argument in this portion of the text. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn , that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations , pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism , it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security. -- Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government . — Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations , all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world. 1. Explain the author’s reasoning for declaring independence at this point in time. 2. Which words in this portion of the text illustrate the author’s point of view on declaring independence from Great Britain? 3. How does the author’s choice of words affect the argument for declaring independence? 4. Summarize the message the author is sharing with the “candid world.” Cite examples from the entire preamble.

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