Return toward ones average o nature operates in such

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return toward one’s average o Nature operates in such as way that we often feel punished for rewarding others and rewarded for punishing them Moods and judgments - Social judgment involves efficient, though fallible, information processing - Involves our feelings - A depressed mood motivates intense thinking - Moods pervade our thinking mood infusion (Forgas, 1999) - Bad mood primes our recollections of negative events
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- We don’t attribute our changing perceptions to our mood shifts (Ross & Fletcher, 1985) - Our moods color how we judge our worlds partly by bringing to mind past experiences associated with the mood - When emotionally aroused become more likely to make snap judgments and evaluate others based on stereotypes Self-serving biases - Overlook many influences on behavior - Explanations of positive and negative events - Better than average o A majority of people think they are better than average people - Unrealistic optimism o Less susceptible to bad events o Good things more likely - Uniqueness of abilities o Underestimate the commonality of our abilities and desirable characteristics - False consensus o Overestimate the degree to which others act and think like us o Ross, Greene and House (1977) Offer participants the choice of wearing sandwich board around campus vs completing another experiment Those who were sign (64%) thought more of others would do the same, relative to those completed another experiment (23%) o Helps justify negative tendencies or confirms our views Bask in reflected glory - Feel good about ourselves by associating ourselves with winning teams or successful others - Cialdini et al. (1976) o University students wore more school clothing on next school day after football win but not loss o Used “we” to refer to wins and “they” refer to losses Self-presentation - How we influence how other people perceive us? - What sorts of faces do we present? - How do we use those faces to satisfy self-presentational motivations? - A way to enhance self-esteem Self-monitoring - Being attuned to the way one presents oneself in social situations and adjusting one’s performance to create the desired impression
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Self-handicapping (Berglas & Jones, 1978) - Protecting one’s self-image with behaviors that create a handy excuse for later failure - Participants were first given preliminary test o Easy or challenging o All participants were given positive feedback regardless of their performance o Ask to take one of two drugs either enhancing or inhibiting their performance o Male participants in the challenging task condition chose the inhibiting drug more Impression formation - Perceiving others - Implicit personality theory (IPT) o Once we make assumptions based on one trait use our IPT to draw conclusions about other traits - Presence of one trait often implies the existence of other additional traits (Asch, 1946) o All traits do not have the same rank and value in the final impression o The change of a central trait may completely alter the impression o
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