Ref p 96 97 obj 03 4 elaborate on three reasons why

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Business Law Today, Standard: Text & Summarized Cases
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 07
Business Law Today, Standard: Text & Summarized Cases
Jentz/Miller
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REF:p. 96-97OBJ:034.Elaborate on three reasons why investigations are often ineffective. What can be done to improve investigations?ANS: Detectives are often handicapped by limited time, money, and resources to carry out lengthy ongoing probes of any but the most serious cases. Investigations can be improved with technology such as searching criminal histories and using forensic science such as DNA analysis to clear the backlog of unsolved cases.REF:p. 104OBJ:055.For many years, preventive patrol has been considered one of the greatest deterrents to criminal behavior. Discuss what the research from the Kansas City study tells us about the relationship between prevention patrol and crime deterrence.ANS: There is little evidence that police patrol deters crime and despite the number of patrol cars on the street and their visibility to citizens it seems to have little impact on the crime rate.REF:p. 98OBJ:04
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Business Law Today, Standard: Text & Summarized Cases
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Chapter 4 / Exercise 07
Business Law Today, Standard: Text & Summarized Cases
Jentz/Miller
Expert Verified
6.Explain the three key points to Wilson and Kelling's broken windows model. Elaborate on how the move to community policing reflects the move from a purely crime-control model to one that encompasses elements of rehabilitation and restorative justice.ANS: Neighborhood disorder creates fearNeighborhoods give out crime-promoting signalsPolice need citizen cooperationUnder the crime control model in deteriorated neighborhoods there may be residents who are fearful, pessimistic, and despondent. Moving to a model of community policing, the police presence deters crime in a preventive manner and may encourage public confidence, strengthen feelings of safety, and elicit cooperation from citizens.REF:p. 99-100OBJ:047.Discuss the concept of community policing. How effective have these programs been in reducing crime and improving community-law enforcement relations?ANS: Proactive policing such as foot patrol is the cornerstone of community policing. There is empirical evidence that some community policing efforts can reduce disorder and increase the perception of safety. A key element of community policing philosophy is that citizens must participate with police to fight crime. Community policing means the redesign of police departments’ administration and management to focus on the problems of the community, not on the needs of the department. Community policing works best in neighborhoods that are not already saturated with crime and disorderbut rather show signs that deterioration is and will occur.REF:p. 106-108OBJ:07.8.Compare and contrast problem-oriented policing and community policing.
ANS: Problem oriented policing is closely associated with, but independent from, community policing and requires police agencies to identify particular long-term community problems and to develop strategies to eliminate them. It also requires police departments to relyon local residents and private resources and is supported by fact that great deal of urban crime is concentrated in a few “hot spots”.

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