6.Explain the three key points to Wilson and Kelling's broken windows model. Elaborate on how the move to community policing reflects the move from a purely crime-control model to one that encompasses elements of rehabilitation and restorative justice.ANS: Neighborhood disorder creates fearNeighborhoods give out crime-promoting signalsPolice need citizen cooperationUnder the crime control model in deteriorated neighborhoods there may be residents who are fearful, pessimistic, and despondent. Moving to a model of community policing, the police presence deters crime in a preventive manner and may encourage public confidence, strengthen feelings of safety, and elicit cooperation from citizens.REF:p. 99-100OBJ:047.Discuss the concept of community policing. How effective have these programs been in reducing crime and improving community-law enforcement relations?ANS: Proactive policing such as foot patrol is the cornerstone of community policing. There is empirical evidence that some community policing efforts can reduce disorder and increase the perception of safety. A key element of community policing philosophy is that citizens must participate with police to fight crime. Community policing means the redesign of police departments’ administration and management to focus on the problems of the community, not on the needs of the department. Community policing works best in neighborhoods that are not already saturated with crime and disorderbut rather show signs that deterioration is and will occur.REF:p. 106-108OBJ:07.8.Compare and contrast problem-oriented policing and community policing.