period. The involvement of the masses on the revolution later perceived the ideas of the westernelites about the nationalism and liberation, and later on this has led to rationalized revolution. And also, R. Ileto added in his reading the way how the Spanish gained control of themasses of christian converts. The Spanish has taught the natives and implemented the use theirliterary works of Pasyon. It has been a useful tool for the Spanish Colonizers to teach the massesabout the life of Jesus Christ and to inculcate among the masses their loyalty to Spain and thechurches. But as mentioned in the reading, the masses were able to articulate ideals andliberation from it as the masses had perceived on the pasyonand somehow, they are able to relatethemselves to Christ’s suffering, death and salvation.
And on the latter part, he discussed the relation of anting-anting and powers with thecelebration of holy week, as these amulets and beliefs of super power are popular and playedsignificant role to the bandits, soldiers or the those involve in the revolutionary army.