interstitial fluid: Sodium 8. Compare the amount of water intake from beverages vs food (Water Gain & Loss) Water: 80% Food: 20% 9. List the routes by which water is lost from the body in order of most to least (p. 518 Figure 22-3) Urine 10. Identify where the sense thirst is controlled. (Thirst and Drinking) Search Results Hypothalamus 11. List the two main things that stimulate thirst. midbrain hindbrain
12. Explain how aldosterone has an effect on blood pressure. (p. 519 Aldosterone) Aldosterone also causes water to be reabsorbed along with sodium; this increases blood volume and therefore blood pressure 13. Explain how ADH dilutes excess sodium and increases blood pressure (p. 520) . Increases water reabsorption through the kidneys 14. Name the chemical measured by the pH scale. (p. 522 Acid-Base) hydrogen ion 15. Give the normal range of pH of body fluids. 7.40 16. Describe how normal metabolic activities tend to affect pH 17. Explain how the respiratory system can compensate for increased acid production (p. 523 Respiration) 18. Explain how the kidneys regulate pH. kidneys can regulate reabsorption of carbonic acid in the tubule, increasing or reducing acid secretion.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 5 pages?
- Spring '18
- Mark Bolke