The period of trafficking ranged from several weeks to more than 7 years Nine

The period of trafficking ranged from several weeks

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The period of trafficking ranged from several weeks to more than 7 years. Nine of the women were trafficked into domestic servitude, and three were trafficked for pur- poses of commercial sexual exploitation. The experience of sexual abuse was not limited to women who were traf- ficked for sex. Furthermore, one survivor kept as a domestic servant experienced ongoing rape as well as forced factory work, which highlights the difficulties inherent to categorizing types of trafficking. Biderman’s Domains Isolation. Traffickers kept victims away from family and friends, depriving the women of social support. Social isolation exacerbated the power imbalance between the women and their traffickers, making victims more dependent. I don’t know what happen with my family. I rarely spoke with my family; only in the mail, you know. And I have nobody. I have no friend. I’m not suppose to have friend. I wanted to call to my daughter in [foreign city], to tell her that everything is okay, that I am here, but she [the trafficker] didn’t let me use the phone. I was trying to call the agency to tell them that I don’t like it here, that I don’t like that place. I was afraid to use the phone, because I didn’t know how to delete the number afterwards, so that she can’t notice that I make a call. I have family in [another major U.S. city] and I wanted to call them, but no access to telephone. I want to go to church. There was no church. Three years I was in lock down . . . I was like isolated. There’s no police, there’s no cabs, there’s no bus. It’s like quiet. Domestic servants who interacted with house guests and other workers were prohibited from speaking with them. “[The handyman] was also advised that he should not be talking to me. The lady said [to him], ‘I don’t want you talking with the young girl. You come to do your work and then you leave.’” The women described feel- ings of depression at the loss of their social ties with friends and family, and general loneliness, which limited their resistance and ability to protest the conditions. “We’re not supposed to talk to anybody . . . She sees you talking to somebody, she’ll shout at you or call you, take you away from where you are. [You feel] depressed—you have nobody to talk to.” Monopolization of perception. Many of the women described the ways in which their traffickers limited their
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1174 Qualitative Health Research 25(9) exposure to and understanding of the outside world as a means of controlling them. Traffickers monopolized their attention, even when they were not physically present. We were not supposed to go out. She call up every two minutes, so somebody has to be there to answer the phone. After every few minutes she has to call home. Sometimes the middle of the night, she’ll just call and ask about everybody. “Where is she, what is she doing? Did you do this, did you do this, did you do this? Did you clean here, there, there,” you know? For those in domestic servitude, many described that their perception of the world was blank outside of the home. “I don’t know where I living—I know where, but I
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