The principal impediment to more progress has been

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US. The principal impediment to more progress has been the  unwillingness of the US, the EU and Japan to offer additional  commitments. The extent of commitments by developing countries  also remains a sticking point. The area closest to agreement was  export subsidies on agricultural products by 2013, which the EU  agreed to as part of the Common Agricultural Policy and offered to  bind this reform internationally. The US conditionally agreed to  match that commitment. In the past, development goals have not been invoked as a reason  to support multilateral trade negotiations nor have the interest of the  poorer countries of the world been a significant factor in determining  the outcomes of prior GATT/WTO rounds.  As a security matter, trade opportunities for poor countries can further the kind of development  that will help prevent developing countries from deteriorating into  failed states. As a humanitarian matter, there is a strong argument  for a trade policy that assists the poorest countries, which have  generally benefited little from the increased trade and investment  flows of recent decades. The challenge is to manage globalisation to ensure that the benefits of globalisation are not limited to one  privileged group while the costs are borne by others. Negotiations on non-agricultural market access (NAMA) were  emphasized by the US and the EU who wanted to gain access to  huge markets of emerging economies like China and Brazil.  Conversely, developing countries were keen to protect their infant 
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industries and maintain their preferential access to rich countries.  Negotiators have been unable to come to an agreement on the  structure of the reduction formula with regard to industrial tariffs. An ambitious deal on services liberalisation was of key interest to the EU because trade in services makes up 75% of its economy.  Increased trade in services would also contribute to development  goals as improved transport, IT and telecommunications, banking  and insurance sectors form the backbone of a growing economy.  Discussions in the WTO focused on establishing disciplines to  ensure that domestic regulatory measures do not create  unnecessary barriers to trade. Trade facilitation is of major importance to the DDA. Greater  transparency and procedural uniformity at country borders could  generate twice as much gain to GDP than tariff liberalisation, more  so for developing countries because of their comparatively less  efficient customs administrations. The EU Trade Commissioner,  Peter Mandelson, has called for WTO members to pursue  negotiations on trade facilitation despite the suspension of the DDA.
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