91%(11)10 out of 11 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 128 - 133 out of 150 pages.
Collective behavior involves limited and short-lived social interactions, while groups tend to remain together longer.Collective behavior has no clear social boundaries; anyone can be a member of the collective, while group membership is usually more discriminating.Collective behavior generates weak and unconventional norms, while groups tend to have stronger and more conventional norms.Traditionally in sociology, collective behavior is displayed by four types of groupings of people: the crowd, the public, the mass, and the social movement (Figure 1). While there is debate over what should be included under the label of "collective behavior" among sociologists today, often included are additional behaviors like: rumors, riots, and fads.Concept:1. Refers to2. Might also be defined as3. takes place when4. Sociologist’s view on concept.5. Examples6. How it differs from another concept.7. Is displayed by—where can you see this concept?
07:18Collective BehaviorSameDifferenceSocial MovementsNonroutine behavior engaged in by large numbers of people responding to a common stimulusSpontaneous behaviorThe basic distinction between "crowd" and "mass" is the variable of physical settingIt can be studied within the context of organizations.Social Movements are organized, where as collective behavior is not; however, collective behavior can become organized as seen in social movementsattempt to bring about greater equality or resistPeople engaged in it often become personally involved to a great degree.Social movements have goals.vary considerably in the scope of change they seek.It is often volatile are composed of formal organizations.
07:18and unpredictable in nature.collective behavior is motivated by emotions of hostility, fear, joyare typically led by charismatic leaders.Political RevolutionsSameSocial Revolutionsprimarily consists of changes in the government and leadership of a society.Theories of revolution and revolutionary social movements generally operate at the macro level of sociological analysis.
07:18Elements of Karl Marx's conflict theoryA new society would be created in which workers would own the means of production.The exploited workers would rebel against the owners of the means of production.Capitalist markets would come under the control of monopolies.Marx held that a social movement (specifically, the revolt of the proletariat) would require leaders to sharpen their awareness of the oppressed.InteractionismSameFunctionalismSameConflict TheorySymbolic interactionism is the theoretical perspective that views society as composed of symbols that people use to Since each theoretical perspective provides a different, often sharply contrastingpicture of our The functionalist perspective emphasizes the way that parts of a society are structured to maintain its
07:18establish meaning, develop their views of the world, and communicate with one another.